Chronic Wasting Disease In Whitetail Deer

2277 words - 10 pages

Whitetail Populations
Over just a century ago the whitetail deer population became nearly extinct, mostly due to a rapid expansion in the railroad system. At this same time market hunting, weak enforcement of game laws, and habitat loss contributed to the dangerously low deer populations in the late 1800’s. In states like Kansas and Indiana deer were completely extinct, being endangered in many others. With the whitetail deer population doubling every two years there is an estimated thirty million deer in the United States (Rooney, 2012). Although with these over-abundant populations comes the destruction of natural resources along with diseases and other factors that can tremendously ...view middle of the document...

It is said that there are one hundred deer per square kilometer (Rooney, 2012).
Rise and Fall
Although populations fluctuate every year, there are things that affect the population both negatively and positively. In the northwoods today there are so many reasons for a population to fluctuate. It is natural for a population to rise and fall as there will always be negative and positive impacts on a population. An increase in the population due to a decrease in hunting will have a positive effect on whitetail deer, while diseases that spread throughout the population would have a negative effect on the population (Rooney, 2012).
Declining Populations
According to a wildlife biologist who assesses deer all around the United States, we are near at a point of crisis. Since 2008, populations of deer have decreased by about ten percent. In 2008, there was thirty-two to thirty-three million deer and now there are thirty million deer in the United States. The increasing amount of predation, collisions, disease outbreaks, and aging habitat have an effect on the declination of the whitetail deer population (Miniter, 2012).
Each year twelve million fawns are born in the early spring. It is estimated that less than one fourth of all fawns born each year live until autumn, with the coyote being the biggest predator of fawns. Although coyotes are not the only predator of thiers; bears, wolves, cougars, eagles, and owls will sometimes attack and or kill a whitetail fawn. Adult deer have the same predators with the exception of eagles and owls. Survival rates of whitetails have been well documented in forested habitats as well as intensively farmed areas. These numbers do not account for the deer that are killed by collisions and diseases each year (Miniter, 2012).
In 2008, it was estimated that over one million deer collided with cars and motorcycles in the United States. It has been estimated that there were about one hundred and fifty deaths and over twenty-nine thousand injuries from deer related car accidents. With the deer and vehicle collision damage being at an estimated one billion dollars for one year. On the other hand in Canada it was estimated that there was one hundred and eleven million dollars worth economic loss due to large mammal-vehicle collisions (Lobo, Miller, 2013).
Deer populations are at stake with several diseases including hemorrhagic disease (HD), which is an infectious blood-borne disease that is transmitted by biting midges or flies. HD is caused by two closely related viruses; epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) or bluetongue virus (BTV). Death is common amongst deer with HD, because of the extensive hemorrhages. The most serious disease that comes amongst a whitetail population is chronic wasting disease (CWD), which is a contagious and fatal prion disease with no cure or treatment. CWD produces small lesions in the brain of infected animals. While eighteen states have reported...

Find Another Essay On Chronic Wasting Disease in Whitetail Deer

Trend Case-Based Reasoning in Diagnose Chronic Disease: A Systematic Literature Review

1893 words - 8 pages classification, diagnostic, planning, and tutoring in the field of medical. However, the trend CBR in diagnose chronic disease need to be reviewed due to the reliable and accuracy system has to be evaluated with parameter performance. Method: In doing SLR, the review conduct from sources, such as books, journal, conference, report, etc. The publication year from 2010-2014. The population is chronic disease and the interventions are CBR, method

Impact of host IL28B rs12979860, rs8099917 in interferon responsiveness and advanced liver disease in chronic genotype 3 hepatitis C patients

1663 words - 7 pages Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause for developing cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), with an estimated global prevalence of 3% occurring in about 180 million carriers and more than 350,000 people die every year from hepatitis C-related liver diseases [1, 2]. According to World Health Organization reports, HCV is found worldwide with certain countries having chronic infection rates as high as 5% or above. In

Association of genetic polymorphisms at IL28B amongst different disease groups and interferon responsiveness in chronic HCV patients from Eastern

1225 words - 5 pages Chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection is a major cause for developing cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, with an estimated global prevalence of 3% occurring in about 180 million carriers and approximately 4 million people are being newly infected annually (1). According to WHO, HCV is found worldwide with certain countries having chronic infection rates as high as 5% or above. In India 12.5 million people are infected with HCV (2

Deer Overpopulation: A Persuasive Essay

922 words - 4 pages accidents. Over the past ten years, there have been over 100 motorist deaths and over 350,000 deer deaths (7). These deer were also healthy. In Ohio, 471 road-killed and 588 hunter-harvested deer from 44 counties were tested for Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) and Tuberculosis (TB). Neither of these diseases was found in all samples (1). Overpopulation majorly influences the growth and absence of plants and other wildlife. “The impacts of

CWD Is a Growing Concern

1005 words - 5 pages There are major concerns in populations of Mule deer, Elk, Whitetail deer, and Moose. What might this concern be? A disease called Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD). First coming from a captive Mule deer in Colorado, in the 1960’s, and wasn’t found in the wild until the year 1981. This disease does not only affect Colorado, there are many other states that have begun submitting possible cases. Some people may ask certain questions like: How is

Quality Deer Management

2108 words - 8 pages efforts of these concerned people the whitetail population has risen to around 20 million. The deer population has increased so much that in many areas, they suffer from chronic starvation. “Bucks only” laws passed years ago to help in re-establishing the dwindling deer herds now work against the deer by resulting in an overabundance of does. Even with the overabundance of does many hunters refuse to shoot a doe. They believe in the old saying, “It

The management of deer populations

1714 words - 7 pages Wasting Disease is considered to be spread through an intermediate of density-dependant and frequency-dependent transmission. This suggests that density reduction would decrease potential for transmission of Chronic Wasting Disease. Several jurisdictions use reduction of populations to manage the spread of Chronic Wasting Disease. In Alberta, Canada management targets are one deer per square kilometer. White-tailed deer populations in northern


1482 words - 6 pages Indians, with guns and still today the bow and arrow by modern day hunters. The purpose of my paper is to discuss the types of deer in the world today, what habitat they live in, their instincts or habits, the over population of the whitetail deer in the United States, and the large sport of hunting deer.      Their are three major types of deer in the world today. There is the whitetail deer, mule deer, and blacktail deer

Overpopulation in the Herd

1177 words - 5 pages What do you prefer, big bucks or big bucks? Think it’s the same? Well it isn’t. Illinois has plenty of white-tailed deer as seen in the total harvest reports that the Department of Natural Resources releases at the end of the deer hunting season. Whitetail deer can be found anywhere from farms in even suburban neighborhoods. Illinois also has plenty of land set aside for forest preserves. Deer quickly repopulate and in ten years a herd that

The Hunt That Started it All

736 words - 3 pages . I recall thinking," What if I forget something or I miss the deer?" Finally, the time came when I was able to go hunting for whitetail deer in my dad's hunting club.Getting up at four in the morning was not something I was accustom to but I was willing to do anything to get the opportunity to go hunting for the whitetail deer. I got dressed very quickly because the night before I set all of my hunting gear out. While driving to my dad's hunting

Hunting, From Humanistic Tradition to Population Control

1453 words - 6 pages . Over the last century alone, the United States deer population has grown from under 500,000 to over 20,000,000. Without hunting, this population expansion would continue to grow, and in turn, create many hazards to human life. One would see considerable increases in issues such as deer-related car accidents and the spread of Lyme disease. Although many people see hunting as a vital solution, there are others who claim many contradictions with this

Similar Essays

Chronic Wasting Disease Essay

1687 words - 7 pages Chronic Wasting Disease is a highly transmissible, deadly neurodegenerative disease that affects cervids in North America (Belay et al., 2004; Saunders et al., 2012). There are only four types of cervid that are known to get this disease which include elk, mule deer, white-tailed deer, and moose (Chronic Wasting Disease Alliance). It has been classified has a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE), otherwise known as a prion disease

Chronic Wasting Disease (Cwd) Essay

1141 words - 5 pages Introduction to CWD; Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is a fatal neuro-degenerative, transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) of the family Cervidae (Hamir,, 2006). The family Cervidae includes mule deer, Odocolileus hemionus, white-tailed deer, Odocolileus virginianus, Rocky Mountain elk, Cervus elaphus nelsoni, and moose, Alces alces shirasi, among others (Sigurdon & Aguzzi, 2007). CWD is a prion disease, meaning it is a protein

The Deadly Nature Of Chronic Wasting Disease

2269 words - 9 pages meat, meat with no spinal or brain tissues, and many horn precautions can be brought out of infected areas (Zitek, Reed, 2004). Many wildlife officials are still starving for answers about Chronic Wasting Disease. With all the tests and precautions taken, surely a cure can be found for this deadly disease that is slowly but surely wiping out the deer and elk herds in the west. Wolfe, a man who hunts in Colorado says, "I'm not planning to have

An Example Of Psychological Adjustment In Chronic Illness: Hirschsprung’s Disease

1016 words - 5 pages after Hirschsprung surgery but few, if any, studies have addressed this likelihood. Focusing on the results after definitive surgical repair of Hirschsprung disease, the journal article, “An example of psychological adjustment in chronic illness: Hirschsprung’s disease” by Athanasakos, Starling, Ross, Nunn, and Cass, identifies outcomes in terms of psychiatric health. The primary aim of this study was to report overall outcomes after Hirschsprung