Church And Society Essay

823 words - 3 pages

SEMINÁRIO TEOLÓGICO BATISTA GOIANO"STBG"JOEL NEMONA MENDESTRABALHO ACADÊMICO.RESUMO DO TEXTO:O ESPAÇO SAGRADO E A SACRALIZAÇÃO DO MUNDOTrabalho apresentado para a obtenção deNota parcial da disciplina de Igreja e SociedadeDo curso de bacharelado em teologia doSeminário Teológico Batista Goiano.Por exigência do professor: Douglas Oliveira Santos.GOIÂNIA2014Resumo do capítulo II. O espaço sagrado e a sacralização do mundo, por Mircea Eliade. P. 21-57.Neste capitulo o autor abraça continentes explica a experiência humana do sagrado. Os dois estão obviamente relacionados, um se define em relação ao outro, como será mostrado adiante. E mais do que apenas um livro sobre religião ou religiosidade do mundo, ele é uma obra humanista. O estudo da condição humana é o cerne do pensamento de Eliade. Esta não é mais apenas vivendo no mundo em busca do que é necessário para a vida e sobrevivência, é um ser que procura ir além de sua condição natural para alcançar a eternidade. E de acordo com a tese do autor, ultrapassar esta condição é colocar perto do sagrado.O sagrado e o profano são dois termos que devem ser explicadas. De uma maneira fundamental para definir o sagrado deve ser contrastado com o profano. O profano, o mundo natural em que se manifesta algo diferente, o sagrado, o que Mircea Eliade chama hierofanias (manifestações do sagrado). Estas hierofanias revelam o contraste paradoxal entre o sagrado e o profano, e pode-se também dizer, marcam o limite ou a intersecção do sagrado e do profano. O sagrado e o profano são dois modos de ser no mundo, duas situações existenciais assumidas pelo homem ao longo de sua história.Nas sociedades antigas, o homem vivia tanto quanto possível no sagrado ou na privacidade de objetos sagrados. Nas sociedades modernas floresceu o homem não-religioso. Para o homem religioso, o espaço não é homogêneo; há um espaço sagrado e outros espaços não consagrado. A manifestação do sagrado funda ontologicamente o mundo. Qualquer espaço sagrado envolve a hierofania, uma irrupção do sagrado que tem o efeito de destacar um território do meio cósmico envolvente e tornando-se qualitativamente diferente."E vendo o Senhor que se virava para ver, bradou Deus a ele do meio da sarça, e disse: Moisés, Moisés. Respondeu ele: Eis-me aqui. E disse: Não te chegues para cá; tire os sapatos de teus pés; porque o lugar em que tu estás é terra santa. Disse mais: Eu sou o Deus de teu pai, o Deus de Abraão, o Deus de Isaque, e o Deus de...

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