Church Architecture Of The Early Christian, Byzantine, Carolingian/Ottoman, And Romanesque Periods.

1592 words - 6 pages

The invention of the Christian church was one of the brilliant solutions in architectural history. This was achieved by a process of assimilating and rejecting various precedents, such as the Greek temple, the Roman public building, the private Roman house, and the synagogue. The Early Christian period saw the growth of Christianity. It was established as the state religion of the Empire under the successors of Constantine. Early Christian Architecture consisted of the basilica church developed from the Roman secular basilica. The sixth century was a time of growth for the Byzantine Empire. Many of the churches built during this time were of the basic basilica style. At least two developments began during this century. One involved small buildings with domed or niched interiors and the other the use of domed vaulting in the basilica. While it is difficult to generalize any architectural developments during this time, one of the most striking changes that can be found in many churches of this time is the use of the domed nave. The domed nave was usually used with a rectangular or Latin cross plan. The Carolingian and Ottonian (merely a continuation of Carolingian period) periods consisted of mainly the basilica also. By the end of the pre-Romanesque period, Roman stylistic elements had fused with elements from Byzantium and the Middle East, and from the Germans, the Celts, and other northern tribes in Western Europe. These various combinations created a number of local styles, called Romanesque, meaning "in the manner of the Roman." An outstanding achievement of Romanesque architects was the development of stone vaulted buildings. To support the heavy stone vaults, architects used massive walls and piers, creating a typical building plan that treated the entire structure as a complex composed of smaller units, called bays. A distinguishing feature of Romanesque style, bays are square or rectangular spaces enclosed by groin vaults and used by architects as the basic building unit. The nave in Romanesque churches was usually made higher and narrower than in earlier structures to make room for windows, called clerestory windows, in the sidewalls below the vault. Doors and windows were usually capped by round arches, and sometimes by slightly pointed arches. These openings were generally small and decorated with moldings, carvings, and sculptures.The Early Christian architect's looked to the Roman buildings of the time to find a suitable building for their needs. The idea of using the plans of Roman places of worship such as the temple was unacceptable on principle alone. For this reason they choose another type of Roman structure to satisfy their needs-the basilica. It utilized a rectangle centered on a longitudinal axis that was internally divided into three to five sections, one central hall-the nave, and one to two side aisles on both sides of the nave. At the East end of the building was a semi-circular apse that was usually set on the outside of...

Find Another Essay On Church Architecture of the Early Christian, Byzantine, Carolingian/Ottoman, and Romanesque Periods.

The Differences and Similarities of the Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe

2233 words - 9 pages between Catholics and Protestants. Protestants called for reformation to the Catholic Church which led to the Catholic Reformation. This was a violent affair that brought upon change but with violent outbreaks throughout the Early Modern Europe Time period. Meanwhile the Ottoman Empire is taking in new land and at least saying they were tolerant to different religions and traditions. This can be seen when they took control of Constantinople when

Usage of the terms 'image', 'art' and 'artists' and the Medieval and Early Modern periods.

1360 words - 5 pages can see how our three key words suddenly have a different quality than they did in the medieval times. The image is no longer necessarily religious and often the religious suggestions are subtle, too subtle to be placed in a church. It is also not the typical portrait paintings of the Early Modern periods, their soul purpose being to show the person in a glorified light and to show their wealth. The image suddenly becomes that of art. AS just


1200 words - 5 pages ) Q10. Although many within the Catholic Church believed that Augustine’s works contributed immensely to church orthodoxy and were vital to their doctrinal teachings, there were those who opposed his teachings as well. (Brown, 430) Some opponents of Augustine, like the Donatists, believed his teachings and preaching denied what was traditional Christian Doctrine. (Brown, 236) In Augustine’s early years as a bishop, there were some bishops who

The Differences Among The Hope Christian Reformed Church and Vineyard Church of Houston

1382 words - 6 pages A.) The first church I went to was my coach’s church; Hope Christian Reformed Church. I went to a Sunday morning service. The service was very serious and well planned out. I felt as if every minute was planned and we had to follow it to the tee, everything was very robot like. The program was sort of like a conversation filled with chants and paper turning. The “Liturgist” would say something and then the “People” would reply and ten

The Christian Church and crimes against Paganism

1679 words - 7 pages The Christian Church and crimes against Paganism1When I started this report I knew that paganism existed as a religion beforeChristianity. I suspected that if Christianity developed after paganism then it wouldhave adopted some of the paganistic practices to attract followers. From myprevious studies I knew there had been some form of propaganda against thepagan religion. Through out my life, my personal feelings toward the ChristianChurch

History of the Eartly Christian Church

1641 words - 7 pages . In light of this fact, the church began to grow in power and stability. With people flocking to the churches and monasteries for help and protection, the power began being transferred to the bishop rather than to a king/political ruler. This bishop was the Archbishop of Rome. In the universal church, there were primarily five bishops in each of the primary Christian cities in the empire: Alexandria, Antioch, Constantinople, Jerusalem, and Rome

Support of Slavery by the Christian Church

2852 words - 11 pages Support of Slavery by the Christian Church The belief in some higher presence, other than our own, has existed since man can recollect. Religion was established from this belief, and it can survive and flourish because of this belief. Christianity, one of several forms of religion that exist today, began sometime during the middle of the first century. Christians believe in a higher presence that they call "God." This belief in God is based

John Wesley and the Methodist Church- Analysis of “Methodism and the Christian Heritage in England”

1259 words - 5 pages and “during this period he search for a meaningful understanding of the demands of Christian living eventually led him to tie together the perfectionism of the pietists, the moralism of the Puritans, and the devotionalism of the mystics in a pragmatic approach that he felt could operate within the structure and doctrine of the Church of England” (p. 31, Heitzenrater). It is this search for understanding and his personal strive for renewal of the

European Influence on the Ottoman Empire and Egypt During the 18th and Early 19th Centuries

1021 words - 4 pages . The control of the ulama was at its height during the Tobacco Protest of 1891 when the religious leaders were able to successfully organize popular dissatisfaction and demonstration against the rulers in Tehran. Ultimately, European influence played a fundamental role in the shaping of the Ottoman Empire and Egypt during the 18th and early 19th century. It’s influence was most significant through government, economic, and military influence but its effects reverberated throughout society. Western influence was much less significant in Iran, primarily due to the fragmented nature of governorship in the region.

The Early Church

1491 words - 6 pages Stott says “the traditional title since the second century has been the Acts of the Apostles” Jesus wanted the church to operate in power and authority these acts of power would be seen and manifest in the early Christian church. But only when they received this power that Comes from God. But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the

The Early Christian Martyrs.

2101 words - 8 pages "), was to experience ahead of schedule the final eschatological event." (McBrien 1). The Persecution of the early Church seems to read like a tragedy written for the stage rather then real life. Christians weren't continuously persecuted by the Roman government and for a period of time did enjoy some freedom and therefore were viewed by the Roman people to be unsociable in their dealing with society (2). The persecution of the church was first

Similar Essays

Romanesque And Gothic Architecture Essay

1130 words - 5 pages Romanesque and Gothic Architecture The 11th to 15th centuries saw a great surge of the Christian Church within Europe which was emphasized by the persuasiveness of the Crusades. The growing population of the Church increased the demand for the increased presence in architectural monuments and during the Romanesque and Gothic periods, a great cathedral construction boom occurred across Europe. The Romanesque and Gothic architectural styles

The Romanesque Style In Architecture And Sculpture

650 words - 3 pages Alisha WilliamsChartres CathedralThe Romanesque Style in architecture and sculpture.10/16/2013The Five books of the Histories.This chapter is about the life and works of Rodulfus Glaber, whose works and life was greatly influenced by the kings of France and Germany, and also by the Capetian dynasty, where he lived for a while after the election of Hugh Capet. Glaber was regarded as one great man of politics, with the writings of his diaries

The Romanesque Period: An In Depth Analysis Of The Romanesque Medieval Period Covering Both Architecture And Sculpture

1718 words - 7 pages technology from the Islamic and Byzantine cultures. Newly established monastic orders created centers of learning and culture, and became important patrons of the arts and architecture.The architects of this era emulated ancient roman devices. It also takes inspiration from the German, Ottoman and Byzantine styles. There are many regional styles and local variations in Romanesque buildings but they all have common roots in the roman basilica. Used

The Contrast Between Gothic Architecture And Romanesque Architecture

1920 words - 8 pages , dating between the 12th century and 16th century, began in France and eventually spread throughout the rest of Europe. An example of the first true Gothic church was St. Denis of Paris. Now, it is considered one of our finest artistic periods, but at the time, the term “gothic” did not exactly hold the same meaning it does today. The name came from the Goths and was used rather negatively when describing this style of architecture as they considered