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Church History: The Protestant Reformation Essay

1069 words - 4 pages

Why is the protestant reformation considered a significant event in the church history?

The Protestant reformation is an important event in church history. It was a protest by the people against the popes and leaders of the church. They wanted reform. The people found out that the church wasn’t telling them the truth about Jesus and his beliefs. It had a huge impact in Europe and across the world.

In Europe during the 16th century every town and city had a church or a cathedral. The majority of people were catholic. The leaders of the church gained a lot of power and misused it. The church was corrupt and abused their power by bribing people. The pope or priest would tell a person that if the person payed then they would pray for their sick relative or if they died, they would pray for them to go to heaven. If they not pay they told them that their relative would go to hell. People thought that thuds was the right thing to do. People were not able to read the bible as there were very few handwritten copies and they were all in latin. This meant that they believed everything their leaders told them.

The money that the churches were getting were not being use to it help people. They were using the money to build huge cathedrals and houses. An example of this is pope Leo the tenth who had received so much money that he could build St Peters Basilica in Rome.

The printing press was invented in Germany in 1453 by Johannes Guternburg. It was a significant part of the protestant reformation because it allowed the bible to be printed in many different languages so everyone was able to read it. As people read the bible they learn’t that what their leaders were doing was wrong and big protests started. People in the community started printing fliers and getting together in groups to protest.

In Germany on the 31st of October 1517 a catholic man, Martin Luther nailed a letter to the door the All Saints Church in Wittenburg, that included a copy of his “Disputation of Martin Luther on the Power and Efficiency of Indulgences”, which is now known as “The Ninety Five Theses”. This was a list of 95 things that Martin Luther wanted to be different in the catholic church. He didn’t believe that people had to pay large sums to limit the time their dead souls where in purgatory. Hans Hillerbrand has said, that Martin Luther had no intention of confronting the church, but didn’t agree with the churches ways and so suggested change. Martin said “that, since forgiveness was God's alone to grant, those who claimed that indulgences absolved buyers from all punishments and granted them salvation were in error”. It was not until a year later that Martins theses was translated into German, printed and spread widely and within two more weeks copies had been spread around Europe. Luther did not give up his demands and he called on local German rulers to encourage church reform. Some princes and city councils welcomed this, but not their overlord; the Holy Roman...

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