The churches of London have been through a lot over the past few centuries and the show us every major phase of English history. The church had a great importance in the medieval society and transitioned now to the modern days. There are little events that changed the buildings inside and outside such as the laying of London Underground which damaged only one churches and there are big incidence such as the Great fire of London which completely destroyed or severely damaged over 80 churches.
Since there are so many churches I focused on just five different ones and their historic background. All of them are set in the City of London, which is the center of the much bigger city London and are still in use today.
Most of the Churches were built in the Romanik style between 1000 – 1250. The All Hallows London Wall church was built on top of the old roman wall which surrounded Londinium. And the church of St. Bartholomew the Great, which was found by an Augustinian priory in 1123, even after restoration still has a big part built in the Romanik style. The curch of St. Olave Hart Street was built in 1270 and already restored in the 15th century with funds from Robert and Richard Cely.
During and the first century after the Reformation in England, which took place between 1517 and 1648, not a lot of new churches were built but the existing ones were changed, mostly on the inside because the liturgical requirements changed.
The medieval church St. Nicholas Cole Abbey which was destroyed in the Great Fire in 1666 was one of the frist to be rebuilt by Christopher Wren . Also rebuilt by Christopher Wren between 1670 - 1675 was St. Bride’s, Fleet Street which was completely burnt down. A total of 51 churches were rebuilt by Christopher Wren and his assistance Robert Hooke, Edward Woodroffe, John Oliver, Nicholas Hawksmoor and William Dickinson.
The population of the city of London started to decline, not only because of the Great Fire but the same year the Great Plague occured in the United Kingdom.
With the restoring of the building also came the first major changes of the interior of the churches because of the requirments the Church of England had. A new way of building a church was with a cross-in-square plan, that is said to be a dutch influence, and a very...