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Cigarette Smoking And Mental Illness: A Study Of Nicotine Withdrawa

1435 words - 6 pages

The objective was to find the relationships between mental illnesses and nicotine withdrawal. Researchers conducted two studies through a series of surveys and collected data from NESARC as well as from a 2-wave cohort of a national telephone survey. Their first study had a sample of 9913 and their second study had a sample of 751. Three types of disorders were categorized as either internalizing, externalizing, and psychotic. The externalizing group was more likely to report nicotine withdrawal-related distress than no disorder, but the other categories reported more severe distress than no disorder. Those with distress were more likely to attempt quitting rather than those without distress, but they are less likely to successfully quit compared to smokers without distress. They found that those with mental illnesses are more likely to suffer from nicotine withdrawal syndrome.
Individuals with mental illness are more likely to smoke and develop a nicotine dependence. 28% of United States citizens diagnosed with a mental illness usually have 40-50% of cigarette intake.(American journal of Public health). The belief that smoking improves mental symptoms and abstinence only worsens them have caused differences with both smokers with and without a mental illness. Studies have found that smokers who suffer from a mental illness will have a more will experience more severe symptoms of nicotine withdrawal. The focus was to find the relationship between nicotine withdrawal syndrome and mental illnesses and the different symptoms varying from each illness. Researchers conducted two studies focusing on nicotine withdrawal, mental illness, and tobacco cessation. In the first study, they compared two groups of smokers, one group with a mental illness and the other without, to determine the likelihood of nicotine diagnosis and the extremities of nicotine withdrawal then estimated its proportions of nicotine withdrawal syndrome in the population of diagnosed smokers. They compared the various symptoms pertaining to each specific illness. In their second study they compared the likeliness of cessation between the diagnosed and regular smoker. Those who’ve attempted to quit have been further tested to see their likelihood to stop smoking completely, researchers then studied the influence of distress with nicotine withdrawal and dependence.
In their first study, researchers collected their data based on the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) which was originally from an earlier study. The participants in the first study was a sample of 43,093 noninstitutionalized United States citizens. African Americans, Hispanics, and young adults were over sampled. “We used subpopulation frequency estimates from the 2000 Decennial Census to adjust the data sociodemographic variables to ensure an accurate representation of the US population. We limited the sample to those who smoked 100 cigarettes during their lifetime and smoked...

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