Citizens United (UC) is a political organization, who favors on to the conservative side. There chief purpose is limit the role of government in our day to day activities. According to their website:
Citizens United is an organization dedicated to restoring our government to citizens' control. Through a combination of education, advocacy, and grass roots organization, Citizens United seeks to reassert the traditional American values of limited government, freedom of enterprise, strong families, and national sovereignty and security. Citizens United's goal is to restore the founding fathers' vision of a free nation, guided by the honesty, common sense, and good will of its citizens.
This organization claims itself to be a 501(c)3 political (super) political action comities(PACs). This means they are tax exempt, the money is anonymous, they cannot lobby or donate directly to a political campaign. Within the organization, they also contain two 501(c)4, which almost the same as the 501(c)3s but can contribute directly to political campaigns. Both of these PACs donate there monies to conservative republican candidates in local, state, and national politics.
The FEC or Federal Elections Commission is responsible for keeping the elections of public offices fair and just. This independent regulatory agency was established under the Federal Elections Campaign Act (FECA), and is meant to enforce the values that this legislature laid down. They also are responsible for disclosing where and who the money donated to the campaigns come from and what that money is used for. This jurisdiction, when used for a presidential campaign falls under the Primary Matching Payment Act and the Presidential Election Campaign Fund Act (PECFA).
Citivens United v. FCC (2010) is one of the most important Court rulings in the history of American politics. This showed the world the direction that the government has taken politically. In my opinion, it is just as important as United States v. Windsor (2013), which stuck down the Defense of Marriage Act, vastly expanding the rights of the American citizens. In this case, the biggest question was: Did the movie “Hillary: The Movie” being produced and funded by Citizens United count as an advertisement or a form of political free speech. This falls under section 203 of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA). Based on this question the Court had to decide on if ruling of McConnel v. FEC about section 203 was constitutional; What is “political speech” vs what is “campaign speech”, how clear does the bias in the advertisement or movie have to be to be considered “campaign speech” and if this video is clearly bias against a political candidate, is this movie an advertisement, which is regulated by the BCRA or by the FCC.
In this case the Court ruled In favor of CU, with a 5-4 split, saying that this movie is an advertisement and there for is regulated by the BCRA. But, the ruling of this case is not important, but...