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City Of The Sun Vs New Atlantis

1273 words - 5 pages

Bacon insist that humans don't need to aspire to fewer desires because the advances of science would make it possible to appease bodily desires by providing material things and that would satisfy human greed. The Solomon's House is a vision of future knowledge in an intellectual setting. Bacon views science advancement as the path to increase control over nature. His utopia provides comfort and conveniences for all people. Campanella's utopia envisions a society that works together for the common good. People share community property, have a division of labor, and the government is left to the ablest of the people. Scientific breeding is to produce the most able of offspring to improve the society. Both the City of the Sun and the New Atlantis utopias are emerged in science and intertwined with natural magic. Both utopias foresee science as the ideal purpose to solve the problems of the world.The City of the Sun and the New Atlantis share in several common factors. The cities are governed by one group of elite or the wisest people. The people all work for a common need and need no money amongst them. To gain knowledge they send out travelers to gather required information. Both have an organization and division of scientific research and taught the knowledge of the expertise. The cities share in their quest to improve society through science or "finding out the true nature of things." The inhabitants of the utopias have chosen self-isolation. They limit their citizenships by limiting whom they allow in their cities. The utopias have a hierarchy of learning, which begins when they are children. It is important that the elite know all and are the most intelligent. They set the example for their inhabitants. It is also their responsibility to administer religious ceremonies. Both shared in God's first creation as being light.The utopias differ in a variety of sectors that provide uniqueness. Both utopias share Christianity; the City of the Sun has Christianity with a twist. The Bensalem people do not worship with the Jews and they leave them to their own religion. The City of the Sun shares their religious practice with the Jews. The Bensalem had the House of Salomon, which guided the society and held the knowledge of the society. It was similar to the studies of a university. The City of the Sun knowledge was held on 7 rings, a living museum of sorts. The knowledge was passed down through magistrates. They worship God though a representation of the Sun. The mode of discovery by the travelers differed by one being found as an elected travel and the other by a prayer of the crew needing aid for their sick. In the New Atlantis magic is displayed as the wonders, which are attained not by transcending but by mastering natural law, and that study of wonders may be undertaken for the further discovery of nature. The art is to be approached through nature, and that by following nature it effects may be repeated. He uses magic as necessary knowledge that...

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