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Civil Disobedience A Public Right Or A Crime?

2142 words - 9 pages

Justice, the rights of choice, freedom from domination, national and civil liberty; in today's world society's whose citizens have personal and political liberties are considered free. But do institutionalized rights guarantee freedom? Does political liberty create a just and free society? When good Governments go bad and overstep their mark do citizens have the right of dissent? Throughout history thinkers have grappled with questions like these and come to a variety of conclusions, both in support of and protest and against it.Freedom is a universal ideal. It occurs when there are no restraints placed on personal choice by another individual, state or authority. To be truly free there must also be an absence of any natural conditions which could prevent the actioning of a persons free will. This ideal had been institutionalized by modern society to create an environment where an individual's choice is maximized and the restraints on their will minimized. This has coincided with the application of science and reason to politics, the rise of the individual, and the decline of belief that the common good is the ultimate end.In this 'free' society, individuals have personal rights, and political and social liberty, and are free from both foreign domination, and a despotic government. This concept of free is the freedom of individual rights and individual responsibilities. In this type of liberal free society one is not imposed on to ensure the freedom of others. Collective freedom therefore is not guaranteed by ensuring that every person has access to the resources required to obtain their will or the means to achieve their desired end.Citizens make the decisions that affect the collective society through their vote. They can act as they choose and achieve their own end as long as they do not break the laws their elected representation makes. These laws are made to prevent the liberty of one person threatening the liberty of another. The Governments role becomes to protect the life, liberty, and property of its citizens. This social contract stems from the thinking of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and Rawls. Citizens give up some of their personal liberty and in return are provided with an environment in which they can exercise their freedom. The Government prevents chaos and anarchy and protects life and property with as little restriction as possible to the will of the individual.A free society became on where citizens have the ability to think and act as they wish. The State takes on a minimalist role and becomes a protective body which aims to provide peace and order in society. They do this by maintaining domestic order, ensuring private contracts and agreements are enforced, and providing citizens protection form external attacks. The State administers protection and justice and the individual administers their economic, social, cultural and moral needs. Society thus moves forward and knowledge and wisdom and freedom of expression lead to human...

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