Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative With India

1568 words - 6 pages

Nuclear technology and weaponry is an issue that has often been the focal point for many nations around the world as it relates to the development of their foreign policy. During the past fifty years, nuclear technology has been on the rise and in some cases has resulted in tension between certain nations. One example would be that of the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 when the United States and the Soviet Union almost engaged in nuclear war. Since the rise of nuclear weaponry, global precautions have been taken to prevent the outbreak of war and violence. India is one country in which the United States has established foreign policy. In 2008, the United States established the Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative. The policy entails that fourteen of India’s nuclear reactors be regulated by the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Association), an organization run by the United Nations. When the policy was first enforced, the United States hoped to have a positive impact on Indian society. It was a good idea for the Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative to be enforced in order to promote safety and security between India and its neighboring nation, Pakistan; help the Indian economy, energy, and environment; to establish India as a responsible nation whose actions regarding nuclear policy should be followed by other countries. The United States intervention has caused much debate in regards to the positive and negative aspects of the policy, but ultimately the U.S. has developed a policy that is mostly beneficial for India.
India and Pakistan are bordering nations that have had a significant amount of tension and conflict throughout the years. A major source for this tension can be attributed to the conflicts from 1998 and 2002. The tensions of 1998 were the result of the nuclear testing in both India and Pakistan. Towards the end of 2001 and continuing throughout 2002, India and Pakistan were dangerously close to the start of a nuclear war. The history of the 2002 conflict dates back to ongoing disagreements and tensions from the late 1900s. The nuclear dilemma of 2002 was sparked by Pakistani attacks on the Indian parliament in December 2001. These past events continue to evoke a great deal of tension between the two nations. By establishing the Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative, tensions between India and Pakistan will be eased and it will promote safety and security. This policy encourages India to be careful when dealing with nuclear weaponry. As seen in many scenarios, nuclear weapons can be both destructive and extremely dangerous. Since the enactment of the policy requires the IAEA to regulate and impose certain safety restrictions on some of India’s nuclear reactors, “experts say the two countries, both admittedly now nuclear, could be forced to deal more cautiously with each other” (Bajoria and Pan). While India’s nuclear reactors are under the supervision of the IAEA, the nation will be discouraged from producing nuclear weaponry....

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