Civil Right And Martin Luther King

994 words - 4 pages

Civil Rights and Martin Luther King Jr.Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. Martin's father was the pastor of a local Baptist church and his grandfather was the founder of Atlanta's chapter of the NAACP. Martin Luther grew up in a very religious household. He was brought up to stand up for what he believed in. Later he attended Morehouse College in Atlanta. Afterwards, he went on to study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania. Next he went on to Boston University where he began to study Mahatma Gandhi and his practices of non-violent protests to promote social change.The law did very little to protect blacks. In fact, some laws, known as segregation laws, often limited black people's freedom and discriminated against them. Blacks were not allowed to go to school with whites, they had to use separate restrooms and drinking fountains, and blacks had to enter public places through different entrances than whites, and they even had to sit in a different section in the back of buses and trains. These laws grew out of a racist attitude toward blacks. They were discriminated against based solely on their skin color. Many whites believed that blacks were inferior to whites in all respects and therefore they should not be allowed the same rights.During the 1950's and 60's, there was much unrest going on in the United States. It was the civil rights movement. Black Americans wanted to be treated equally and fairly. A secret society known as the Ku Klux Klan had been organized to uphold "white supremacy". Members of this group resorted to violence against the black people. They burned their homes and churches, and even hung them. The blacks also had leaders coming out and supporting their fight for their rights. Some like Malcolm X believed that violence was the answer to get what they wanted. Others, such as Martin Luther King Jr. chose a more peaceful approach. Martin Luther King's actions helped convince many white Americans to support the cause of civil rights in the United States. He chose the path of non-violence to get his message heard. Some call it civil disobedience which is nonviolent rebellion. Several events that occurred show Martin's beliefs in the way he handled situations.Montgomery's black community had grievances about the mistreatment of blacks on buses for quite some time. White bus drivers often treated them harshly, sometimes even cursing them. They would enforce the segregation laws and make them sit in the backs of buses and give up their seats to whites on corded buses. Rosa Parks, a black woman, was arrested in Montgomery after refusing to give up her seat. Martin Luther decided to lead a protest. It was decided to boycott the bus. Blacks started walking and even started taking taxicabs, but refused to ride the buses. The Montgomery boycott lasted for more than a year. As newly elected president of the Montgomery Improvement...

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