Civil Rights Historical Investigation Essay

2540 words - 11 pages

Question: In what ways did Rosa Parks’ background and situation lead to a largely successful boycott, while other, similar resistances did not?

Part A: Plan of Investigation:

Rosa Parks was not the first African American to resist segregation on public transportation, but the effect her resistance had on American history dwarfs that of the others. This historical investigation explores the reasons behind Parks’ success and on the other hand, why similar acts of resistance did not have the same effect. To answer this, it is important to understand Parks’ life before the incident, in addition to what kind of image the NAACP was looking to portray through the icon of this major movement. To further discern the factors affecting her outcome, several similar cases are examined. This investigation primarily utilizes secondary sources from the Internet, such as “Standing Up for Freedom,” published by the Academy of Achievement, which details the life of Rosa Parks before her resistance on the bus. In addition, Margot Adler’s article “Before Rosa Parks, There Was Claudette Colvin,” is heavily referenced in this investigation and explores the accounts of people like Parks, who resisted on public transportation.

Part B: Summary of Evidence
Several links to advocacy for racial equality are evident in Parks’ childhood and background. It was her own mother’s advice to take advantage of every opportunity that came along, as she knew they were not extremely abundant. Unfortunately, Parks’ background was not all about inspiring, motherly advice. As stated in an interview, she often overheard Klu Klux Klan activities such as lynching and burning down the houses of African Americans at night. Understandably, she was fearful that she would become the victim of such activities (Academy of Achievement). At age 11, Parks enrolled in the Montgomery Industrial School for Girls, which was founded by Alice White and Margaret Beard, liberal minded women from the north. This was one of the few places an African American girl had a chance at a decent education. Here, they taught skills they knew would benefit African American girls in the current social situation, such as cooking, sewing, and housekeeping, but a philosophy that they could be more; They did not have to set their sights low because they were black (Whittaker). Later in life, Parks attended Alabama State Teacher’s College and joined the NAACP with her husband in 1932. By 1950, she had risen to become the NAACP’s local secretary (Cannizzaro). Looking into Parks’ background, it is not difficult to see that she had been primed to be a catalyst for social change since her early childhood.
African Americans had been resisting racial injustice on public transportation long before Parks’ debut, which raises questions as to how the outcomes of their attempts were so different. Fifty-nine years before Rosa Parks, Homer Plessy challenged the unjust 1890 Louisiana Separate Car law, which stated that blacks must...

Find Another Essay On Civil Rights Historical Investigation

Civil Rights Movements of the 1950's and 1960's

1088 words - 4 pages .   Works Cited "Civil Rights Movement - Ohio History Central - A product of the Ohio Historical Society." Ohio History Central - An Online Encyclopedia of Ohio History - Ohio Historical Society. Ohio History Central. 11 Mar. 2009 . "The Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s - FamilyEducation.com." School Resources & Educational Help By Grade & Subject For Parents

Understanding the Effects of American Literature on the Civil War Era

2295 words - 10 pages This Investigation seeks to explore to what extent literature impacted social disorder during the antebellum years of the Civil war? To evaluate the extent to which American literature provoked social disorder before Civil War, this investigation maintains focus on the effects of popular works such as Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Uncle Remus, and other famous publications on the general public. The effects of literature on certain social groups, such as

The Warren Court

2391 words - 10 pages Court during this era of going beyond the scope of the Constitution and making rulings based on external and social factors. Decisions of the Warren Court were not only controversial but also very diverse. The Court ruled on decisions ranging from civil rights to privacy rights to women’s rights. Several of the Court’s rulings limited the powers that police had over individuals, affecting the investigation process and inevitably ushering the

Fidelity, Integrity and Bravery: A Brief History of The FBI

1785 words - 7 pages crimes (cyber-warfare); 4. Combat public corruption at all levels; 5. Protect civil rights; 6. Combat transnational/national criminal organizations and enterprises (organized crime); 7. Combat major white-collar crime; 8. Combat significant violent crime; 9. Support federal, state, local and international partners; 10. Upgrade technology for successful performance of the FBI's mission. (Brief, 2011). The Federal Bureau of

The 1957 Civil Rights Act

1160 words - 5 pages Historical Perspective” he wrote about the importance of the 1957 Civil Rights Act. He claimed,” Although many commentators realized even at the time of its enactment what a modest initiative the 1957 Act was, it nonetheless heralded a new phase in the voting rights struggle.” In 1960 Senator Johnson oversaw the passage of another Civil Rights Act and in 1964 as President he signed into law the 1964 Civil Rights Act; a year later the 1965 Voting

The Origin, Development and Significance of Human Rights

9689 words - 39 pages by the three themes of the French Revolution, they are: the first generation of civil and political rights (liberté); the second generation of economic, social, and cultural rights (égalité); and the third generation of solidarity rights (fraternité). Vasak's model is, of course, a simplified expression of an extremely complex historical record, and it is not intended to suggest a linear process in which each generation

The Political Community in Guatemala

753 words - 3 pages reforms, but it failed to show significant advances on combating impunity in past human rights cases, military reforms, and legislation to increase political participation. The political balance was once again disrupted in 2000 when allegations surfaced that the FRG had illegally altered legislation. Following an investigation, the Supreme Court stripped those involved--including President of Congress and FRG chief Rios Montt--of their legislative

The Fair Restriction of Civil Liberties

1967 words - 8 pages resident in the process of collecting foreign intelligence on terrorism. This was a major step, as it infringes on residents fourth amendment rights to privacy, so is a clear case of putting the prevention of terrorism before civil liberties. Professor J. C. Eastman concluded in his analysis of the Congress and Department Of Justice reports, that under the Constitution and indeed approved by both historical and Supreme Court precedent, "the President

Women in Abolitionism and Womens Rights

1810 words - 8 pages Evidence The womens abolitionists movement was essentially the birth of the American women’s rights movement that lasted from 1858-1920 (Leonhardt 2.A). Womens abolitionism during the time of the civil war was a movement intended to prohibit and end slavery in the states; done by trying to educate the public on the immorality of slavery. These women that joined forces with male protesters helped condemn slavery, calling for an end to the

The main differences between Tax Audit and Tax Investigation in Malaysia.

1152 words - 5 pages bankers of the taxpayer to obtain some additional information in the purpose to invent the best judgment of the tax affairs of the taxpayer. If there is necessary, tax investigator will require an interview with the taxpayer for further information. The tax investigation can be classified in two categories which is civil tax investigation and criminal tax investigation. Civil tax investigation involves the activity of detection of tax evasion

The First World War and Women's Suffrage in Britain

1733 words - 7 pages Outline A. Plan of Investigation B. Summary of Evidence C. Evaluation of Sources D. Analysis Works Cited A. Plan of Investigation The 19th century was an important phase for feminism in Britain. The suffrage movement began as a struggle to achieve equal rights for women in 1872. Women then became active in their quest for political recognition, which they finally obtained in 1928. This investigation assesses the question: To

Similar Essays

Ussr Essay

588 words - 3 pages , disability or national origin. They play a major role in advancing civil rights through both comprehensive and objective research, investigation, and analysis of issues of fundamental concern to both the people and the federal government. The Commission has several units and offices within their headquarters as well as six regional offices. Of these national offices two are especially devoted to civil-rights related studies and research. In class we

Kenneth O'reilly's Racial Matters Essay

699 words - 3 pages Kenneth O'Reilly's Racial Matters In his book Racial Matters, Kenneth O’Reilly presented the facts as he sees them, with little interpretation. He delivered a sharp historical account of the unconstitutional methods the Federal Bureau of Investigation used to weaken and destroy what it labeled to be subversive groups in defense of its ideal of America. O’Reilly saw the role J. Edgar Hoover played to be essential to the manner in which

The Decline Of The Civil Rights Movement

4641 words - 19 pages reduction in media attention did not equate to a complete absence of coverage, especially while the movement was still active and at least moderately energized. As for the shift in focus within the movement, implicit in the historical record is the possibility that the movement was to a degree the victim of its own success. Between Brown v, the Board of Education, the Voting Rights Act, and the Civil Rights Act, strident racists were forced to

Title Vii Paper

2035 words - 8 pages prominent civil rights leaders, such as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and the historical civil rights protests and demonstrations to end legalized racism successfully fostered the Civil Rights Act of 1964 despite considerable opposition from Congress (EEOC, 2007). On June 11, 1963, President John F. Kennedy addressed "equal rights and equal opportunities for all Americans," therefore acknowledging that such a "moral issue could no longer be