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Civil Rights In The Usa 1945 1975

5677 words - 23 pages

Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1975

1) How did the civil rights movement change between 1945 and 1975?

Black Americans had a very tough time, there were lots of things they
couldn’t do just because of the colour of their skin. In the southern
states of America racism was just an everyday experience for black
people. The civil rights movement in the United States was a
political, legal, and social struggle that was organized by black
Americans with some help from white America. The civil rights struggle
was aimed at gaining full citizenship and racial equality for all
Americans, particularly the most discriminated group, African
Americans, and was a challenge to segregation.

The “Jim Crow” laws, were enforced in seventeen southern states of the
USA, this was when black people were segregated everyday things like
parks, buses and schools. Just because they were a different colour
they had been cut-of from using facilities, that white people were
able to use everyday. These are some of the laws that were enforced: “No
person or corporation shall require any white female nurse to nurse in
wards or rooms in hospitals, either public or private, in which Negro
men are placed,” that was in Alabama and most southern states. “It
shall be unlawful for a white person to marry anyone except a white
person. Any marriage in violation of this section shall be void,” that
was a law in most places. “The children of white and coloured races
committed to the houses of reform shall be kept entirely separate from
each other,” in Kentucky and also other states. “The prison warden
shall see that the white convicts shall have separate apartments for
both eating and sleeping from the Negro convicts,” this was enforced
in Mississippi.

Most black people didn’t vote, even though they had been given the
vote, this was because if they did vote, they would be made to vote
for someone white people wanted, or more then often if they voted
their would always be the threat of violence. Only few black people
were registed to vote and they could all have been intimidated or

NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People) is

American organization which was created to work to get rid of
segregation and discrimination in housing, education, employment,
voting, and transportation; to oppose racism; and to ensure blacks
their rights. The NAACP was created in 1909, by a group of young
blacks led by W.E.B. Du Bois, and a group of concerned white people.
Since its founding, the NAACP has been successful in the areas of
legal distress. Also other areas include political action for
civil-right laws, programs of education and public information to win
popular support, and direct action to achieve their set goals. In 1939
the NAACP Legal Defence and Education Fund was...

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