On the night of January 21, 1964, three civil rights activists James Chaney, Mickey Schwerner and Andrew Goodman were killed by close range gunshots. The culprits of those murders were members of the Ku Klux Klan in Philadelphia, Mississippi. The murder of the three civil rights workers sparked a nationwide outrage and a huge federal investigation, the FBI referred to the investigation as the Mississippi Burning. 44 days into the investigation the bodies were found in a dam close to the murder site. There were eighteen people charged, but only seven were convicted.
James Meredith Ole Miss
In 1954, the Supreme Court case Brown v. The Board of Education stated that ...view middle of the document...
The March on Washington became a important part of the civil rights movement, which after, Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous “I Have a Dream” speech, a call for racial equality and justice.
Emmett Luis Till was born July 25, 1941. He was raised by his grandmother while his mother worked until they moved alone. In 1955 when came to visit for a funeral from Mississippi, when they were leaving Emmett wanted to go visit there for the summer. While in Mississippi Emmett and his cousins went to a store where he was buying 10 cents worth a bubble gum; when the store clerk exited the store and went to her car, Emmett whistled at her. One morning two men came to the house where Emmett was staying, and they searched the house for him. They found him in the third room of the house and then they took Emmett away, claiming that they just wanted to go up the road, beat him a bit and let him loose. They recruited two black guys to hold Emmett down while they beat him and then killed him.
The body of Emmett was found three days later in the Tallahatchie River tied to a 70 pound cotton gin fan by barbed wire. The Sheriff wanted an immediate burial of Emmett Till, because if the people of the world saw what happened to Emmet Till, there would be a negative view on Mississippi. As soon as the body was about to get buried, word came to stop the burial because Emmett’s mother got the attention of the Chicago Officals and they demanded the return of Emmett’s body. When the body got to Chicago, he was in a big box that said do not open. She opened the box and she held a open casket funeral for the public to view.
The Little Rock Nine
The Little Rock Nine was a group of nine students in Little Rock, Arkansas who helped desegregate Little Rock Central High School. In 1957, their entrance to the school sparked a national crisis when the govonor of Arkansas, Orval Fabus, defied the Supeme Court case and called for the Arakansas National Guard to prevent the Little Rock Nine from entering the school. President Eisenhower responded to this by federalizing the National Guard and sending troops from the U.S. Army’s 101st Airborne Division to escort them on the 25th of September in 1957. After constant harassment inside the schools, the soldiers sent to escort the students to school had to escort them to classes; however the soldiers could not go in places such as restrooms and locker rooms, the harassment continued. The Little Rock Nine endured both verbal and physical harassment, but the only one who responded to it was Minnijean Brown, who was suspended and then expelled for dropping her bowl of chili on the heads of two white boys and referring to a white female student as white trash. On May 27, 1958, the first black student to graduate from Little Rock Central High School was Ernest Green. The graduation ceremony was attended Martin Luther King Jr.