Civil Rights Movement Essay

971 words - 4 pages

The civil rights movement was a mass widespread movement to arise for African Americans fighting for their equal rights. “In federal courts and in cities throughout the South, African Americans struggled to eradicate the system of racial segregation that denied them dignity, opportunity, and equal protection under the law” (Ayers, Gould, Oshinsky, Soderlund, p. 740). Segregation laws being endorsed were recognized as Jim Crow. Affecting the lives of masses of people, Jim Crow, was entitled after a stereotype song during the 19th century. All over America, states were enforcing segregation with laws, such as, in North Carolina, were books were not be interchangeable among the white and ...view middle of the document...

Martin Luther King Jr’s battle towards civil rights. Blacks refused to ride the bus, nearly bankrupting the city bus system. The boycott finally came to an end after 381 days and losing 75 percent of their riders. “The boycott “Demonstrated both the power of collective action and the possibility of social change” (Ayers, Gould, Oshinsky, Soderlund, p. 743). It oppose the city’s policy of racial segregation and African Americans found that by working together they could change racial segregation.
Martin Luther King Jr. was a protagonist in American civil rights movement. “King remained the major spokesperson for black aspirations, but, as in Montgomery, little-known individuals initiated most subsequent black movements” (Civil Rights Movement). King protested for equality among all. He was president of the SCLC and even after moving to Atlanta, King and his SCLC colleague’s sustained their battle for civil rights. “Their philosophy of nonviolence was put to a particularly severe test during the Birmingham campaign of 1963, in which activists used a boycott, sit-ins and marches to protest segregation, unfair hiring practices and other injustices in one of America’s most racially divided cities (Martin Luther King Jr.). The “Letter from Birmingham Jail” was addressed to the clergyman telling Kings concerns about criticism and impulses African Americans to stand up for their rights. He used nonviolence in his attempt to end segregation. Till this day Martin Luther King Jr. was possibly the most important voice of the civil rights movement. He did a remarkable job demanding for equal rights that he won the Noble Peace Prize in 1964. After his assassination they signed a bill creating a holiday in his honor.
A 50 mile march led by King from Selma to Montgomery occurred in March 1965. Few southern blacks were able to exercise their right to vote. King traveled to Selma, Alabama to join the peaceful...

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