Civil Rights Movement In The United States

1253 words - 5 pages

There where a few civil rights movements in the United States, however the civil rights movement from 1950s to 1960s was extremely important asset in the way we live now. Racism is an issue that humans have fought to stop through the years, one of the biggest examples of war against racism is the World War II, the nazis almost wiped out an entire race. Although the civil rights movement didn't provoke a war it did make a difference, and a huge one at that. The civil rights movement started in order to defend the equal opportunity and rights of all people without looking at their race. There is always a difference of races today but it doesn't compare to how it was more than 50 years ago.
So how did this issue started? Around the 1880s a law of segregation was made and was given the name of “Jim Crow Laws”(Jim Crow Laws). This law gave states the right to “impose legal punishments on people for consorting with members of another race” (Jim Crow Laws). This means that whites couldn't be around blacks nor blacks with whites. There were many laws that were created following the laws of segregation. For example, whites and blacks couldn't use the same public facility (each race had their own bathroom, entry way, and waiting room), they couldn't go to the same school, and interracial marriage was prohibited. Individuals who broke this rules were punished by a fee or jail time (Jim Crow Laws).
Around 1954 the first step of many to come to end the laws of segregation was the supreme court decision that legally ended segregation in public school was Brown v. Board of Education (Collins). Some states had different schools for each race; For instance if a kid was of color he had to go to an all colored school even if an all white school was closer. The father of Linda Carol Brown (1942-), with other parents, fought for the right of her child to attend an all white school, he's reasoning being because it was closer to their home. He also stated that the 14th amendment was violated by denying her education to a specific school due to race and that it didn't specify that the rights of a citizens of United States depend on race (Collins). The court ruled in favor of Brown and ended the segregation of schools.
Although the court ruled out the segregation of schools there were still people against this. In Little Rock, Arkansas at Central High School the president Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969) sent 1000 troops to protect the 9 students entering the school due to many riots and protest against the new students (Little Rock Central High School Integration).
In 1955, Rosa Parks (1913-2005) refused to follow the rule of designated sitting in the public bus by refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger (Parks). This started protests that lasted 13 months against the rule of designating seating of whites in the from and blacks in the back of the bus. The Montgomery Bus Boycott, was the name given to these protest, lead by Martin Luther King Jr....

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