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Civil Rights Movement Sit Ins Essay

1013 words - 5 pages

Sit-in’s affected The Civil Rights Movement in many different ways. They became a new technique used to integrate public facilities. Sit-ins were used all across Mississippi, Tennessee, and North Carolina and sometimes in Alabama. The main sit-in that started a new way to protest was in Greensboro, North Carolina.
The Greensboro sit-in was the launch of the civil rights movement. The sit-in took place in a Woolworth’s store in Greensboro, North Carolina. The sit-in movement was started on February 1, 1960 when four African American college students sat at the white’s only counter in a Woolworth’s store and were refused service. Woolworth’s was a diner that allowed everyone in despite their ...view middle of the document...

The sit in took King by surprise because it was a technique that King would have never thought to do as a peaceful act of integration. Martin Luther King fully backed the four college students for being the first people to use sit-ins as a technique in Civil Rights movement. One reason for the approach by the students was that they had seen little return from other movements and they wanted the pace for the drive for equality to speed up. More and more students across the South copied the Greensboro sit in example of a direct action. By the end of February there were a total of 54 sit-ins throughout the South in 15 cities in 9 states.
On February 12, 1960 in Nashville, Tennessee students began using sit-ins to desegregate various stores. Students came from many schools including Fisk University, Baptist Theological Seminary, and Tennessee State University. The sit-ins were mainly led by two students named Diane Nash and John Lewis. There use of the sit-in became a successful part of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States and was the cause of many campaigns within a two month time span. On February 13, 1960 twelve days after the Greensboro sit in students in Nashville entered Kress, Woolworth, and McClellan stores to start sit-ins. The students made their purchases and then sat at the lunch counter for two hours until the owners closed the lunch counters. Many store owners claimed that it was a “moral right” to decide when to the close their store counters.
After three months the sit-ins continued and spread to Greyhound and Trailways bus terminals, a Grant’s variety store, a Walgreen drugstore, and major Nashville department stores. Only a few days later violence broke out between store owners and protesters. Mayor Ben West appointed a committee to investigate segregation in Nashville. However, after several attempts at a compromise the students declared that they would accept nothing less than the acknowledgment of their...

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