Civil War Essay

2272 words - 10 pages

The Civil War was the culmination of four decades of intense sectional conflictof social and political difference between the North and the South. Slavery played a big part in the cause of the civi war, north not believing in slavery and the south slavery was praised. Slaves was the largest single investment in the south, the labor in the south including nearly four million enslaved blacks. 'The Civil War stands not only as a steppingstone to the lighting war - blitzkrieg- of 1939 to 1945. Politically a civil war, militarily it was actually a conflict between two hostile nations- two peoples divided by an unbeatable difference of opinion on the right of secession.'The question whether ...view middle of the document...

Popular sovereignty found enough support to be enacted in the law as a part of the Compromise of the 1850s, which attempted to settle new territorial dispute.Stephen A. Douglas leader of the northern democrats believed in popular sovereignty for the west . Douglas propose he organized two new territories , Kansas and Nebraska which lay north of the line 36 degrees - 30 minutes north latitude of the Missouri Compromise, which stated that no slavery would allowed above that line. For the compromise to pass Douglas needed support from the south , Douglas left the decision making to the local legislature. This seeming unfair to the northern, they thought that southern would influence to extend slavery. To make sure that Kansas, the furthest north of the two states, would become a slave state , southern leaders urged their people to migrate to Kansas and vote for slavery. This event would be one of the biggest reasons why the north and the south dislike each other. ' This new form was brought about by the bill organizing the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas, introduced in 1854 by Senator Douglas, of Illinois. This bill repealed the Missouri Compromise, which had been adopted in 1820, and had been always afterward looked upon with almost as great reverence as the Constitution itself. By that compromise slavery had been forbidden in all new territory north of latitude thirty - six degrees and a half. Kansas and Nebraska were on the north side of this line. The ' Nebraska Bill' as it was called, repealed this restriction, and left it for the settlers in the new territory to decide the question of slavery for themselves. This was called ' Squatter Sovereignty' in the discussion of the time.'The attempts at compromise failed for many reasons. Many men on both sides felt that they could not yield their believes, either out of devotion to their party. Some men on both sides would have been willing to give way if they had thought that the war would follow, but they convinced themselves that they would have their desires without war. And there were some in each section who did not care if came about, who in fact welcomed it , if for no other reasons them to relieve tensions that were becoming unbelievable.While the efforts to compromise were dragging to such a conclusion in Washington. South Carolina long the leader of the south separatism acted first. A convention elected to consider the course the state should take unanimously secessionists. Meeting in Charleston , the convention voted on December 20 to take the state out of the Union, the news of its action was greeted in the city with wild rejoicing.One of the biggest events that aided in the splitting up of the country was the Dred Scott decision. During the Kansas dispute there was a case which caught the countries attention . The supreme court handed down a decision on the question of whether slavery would enter in free territory. The case brought controversy in America, it would involved the...

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