Civil War, 1863. Written For Study By My History Class.

2261 words - 9 pages

1863The Killer AngelsKey Terms: Skirmish Line, MortarKey People: Winfield Hancock, George Meade, Joseph Hooker, John Pemberton, William RosecransKey Places: Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Chancellorsville, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Chattanooga By 1863, people were already saying that the war would last forever. There were already over 200,000 casualties, or a little more than all the casualties suffered in World War One by the U. S. Over 100,000 men were dead, and another 50,000 were crippled for life. The rest of the men were well enough to return to battle, many of them to be killed or wounded later. In the Union, Abe Lincoln was aspiring to find a general who could win a battle, but he wouldn't find one until June. In the South, Jeff Davis was happy with the way things were going, especially since England and France were about to side with the Confederacy. In early 1863, Lincoln replaced Burnside with Gen. Joseph 'Fighting Joe' Hooker. A smart and aggressive corp commander, he seemed able to battle 'Marse Robert,' or Robert E. Lee. Hooker immediately conceived a plan, which would turn Lee's flank, or go around Lee's flank and get in his rear, and position Hooker in the right place to end the war. The plan started out fine, Hooker leaving 30,000 men at Fredricksburg to occupy Lee while he marched over 100,000 men around Lee's flank. Hooker was in the perfect position to destroy Lee, but he waited. Lee split his 60,000-man army into two wings of 45,000 and 15,000 respectfully. Lee then attacked Hooker's main body, stopping it. Lee then divided up his 45,000 men into two groups of 20,000 and 25,000 men. Gen. Thomas Jackson took the 25,000 men around Hooker's right flank; crashing into the Union and driving them back two miles before being stopped. Jackson himself was injured that night, and died 16 days later, in the house of a nearby family. Lee wrote to Jackson after he had been hit, "You may have lost your left arm, but I have lost my Right hand." In the Battle of Chancellorsville Lee lost 13,000 men to Hooker's 20,000 men lost. Overall, it is considered Lee's finest moment and one of the most brilliant battles of all time. It is considered Lee's finest battle because with 45,000 men he stopped cold 100,000 men, inflicted more casualties than he received, and won a major victory. In the West Gen. William Rosecrans started his brilliant Tullahoma campaign, which, after one month resulted, in the capture of Tullahoma with fewer than 1,000 casualties. The climax of Rosecrans' campaign occurred after the capture of Tullahoma, when the Union army of Tennessee was attacked by the Confederate army of Kentucky outside of Murfreesboro. That battle resulted in over 10,000 casualties for the Union and over 8,000 casualties for the Confederacy. Meanwhile, Gen. Grant was trying to capture Vicksburg, Mississippi, which was on an exaggerated hairpin turn on the Mississippi River. Abe Lincoln it called the one key we need to...

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