Civil War Essay

1166 words - 5 pages

Introduction
A civil war is a prolonged high-intensity conflict between people, countries, or parties, which is usually barefaced and armed. Every war has its causes either acceptable or not and some are inevitable. Commonly, civil wars are between countries within a state. It results from one country aiming to make implementations on their governing policies or take control of certain areas within the state. 1Civil War refers to the American Civil War, which took place in the year 1861 to 1865 in the US. It was the greatest war in the world’s history since it took the most lives of Americans more than any other war.2
It begun after seven southern slave states formed the confederate states of America declaring their disaffiliation from the North under Jefferson Davis’s leadership. These states were South and North Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Tennessee, Virginia, Arkansas and Texas. The north had superiority having twenty-three states including California, Kansas, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, and Ohio among others. The basis of the war was the abolitionist’s theories of emancipation and liberation of slavery, where the North supported the war since they wanted to create a state without slavery. Many people view the war as inevitable, as there was no other way to solve the conflict between the two parties. The south aim was to secede from the union, since they would not give up slavery while the north would not allow that.3 However, the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 gave them a chance, using Republican Party he campaigned against any other slavery beyond where it already existed.
This paper provides a window into the causes, path, difficulties, and consequences of the American civil war. It describes the cultural, economic, and social issues that caused the war. Show how various leadership figures contributed to the civil war and describes the full path and the consequences of the war.
Causes of Civil war
Slavery was the major cause of the secession between the North and South.4This secession led to war. However, between the North and South there were major differences in the economic, culture, social and political issues. Economic differences resulted from dependency of Southern states on agriculture while the North depended on industrialization. The invention of Cotton Gin led to rise in slaves demand for fields’ work. Cotton was the staple crop and the main economic earner in the South. The entire Southern economy became dependent on cotton thus dependent on slavery. On the other hand, the North continued to prosper in industrialization. This affected the South since most of the immigrants to the US opted to settle in the North which increased availability of labor.5 The south rejected any form of industrialization and thus opposed high taxes while the North were ready to pay high taxes as a protection from product competition. Consequently, development of infrastructure was high in the North making...

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