Civil War Causes Essay

935 words - 4 pages

Did you know that the Union had outnumbered the Confederacy with just over double the armies on the field, the Union with roughly 2,128,948 and the Confederacy with 1,082,119? There were many political, social, and economical events in the early 1800s that had occurred, which had led up to the Civil War in 1861. One of the causes was the Missouri Compromise, which was when Maine and Missouri were joined into the Union, as one free state and the other as a slave state so it would balance out the slave and free state. The remaining territories would be divided into slave and free state. A second cause was the Dred Scott v. Sanford case, this case had a slave in Virginia who tried suing for his ...view middle of the document...

The Missouri Compromise was one of the many causes of the Civil War, it had mainly caused tensions to rise between anti-slavery and pro-slavery within the U.S. Congress. The tensions started to grow after Missouri’s request to the Union as a slave state, which would make the balance between slave states and free states uneven. But to keep peace, Congress allowed Missouri’s request but also admitted Maine as a free state to keep the balance even. Then after an amendment had passed which drew an imaginary line at 36,30, which established a boundary between free regions and slave regions.

A second cause was the Dred Scott v. Sanford case, when in March 1857 the U.S. Supreme Court had issued the Dred Scott case, who was a slave and had lived in a free state before returning to the slave state Missouri. He had thought that when he was in the location of a free state that he had emancipation, the set of being free from legal restrictions, but the court disagreed and thought that no black free or slave could claim U.S. citizenship, and so blacks weren’t allowed to petition the court for freedom. But John McLean and Benjamin Curtis argued that he should be freed under the Missouri Compromise, since he did travel North of the line. This had made abolitionists angry and raised the tensions between the North and South.

The Abraham Lincoln Election was a third cause of the Civil War, and the closest one in time to the Civil War. The Democratic Party had split into three groups, each of them having different ideas about how to deal with slavery and these three went up against...

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