Civil War: Adavantages And Disadvantages Of North Vs. South

1413 words - 6 pages

Growing dissent between the North and South began mounting years before the Civil War. This disagreement between the two regions led to each side understanding the major differences between one another. The regions had different political views, moral views, and views on the future for the economy. One key difference between the North and South was their view on slavery. The South’s economy was based primarily on cash crops like cotton. These crops were grown on plantations with slaves as the chief labor source. The South wanted to continue and expand the practice of slavery into the West, but the North was adamantly against such action. Many antislavery and abolition movements had significant support in the North. This disagreement eventually led to the beginning of the Civil War. Each side had different advantages and disadvantages at the onset of war due to the differences in the economies and people in the North and South prior to the Civil War. The key advantages and disadvantages of the North and South contributed to the success or complication of each side’s war strategies. The advantages of the North outweighed their disadvantages and the South’s advantages leading to a victory for the North in the American Civil War.
The North had many advantages at the onset of the Civil War. One advantage that the North had over the South was population size. The North contained more than 60% of the population while the South contained less than 40%. This difference in population plays an important role in the North’s ability to supply troops into military service and continuing the production of industries. If the North did not have a significant amount of the population, their production of war materials could have fallen behind (Hewitt and Lawson 396-397).
Another advantage that the North held over the South was its industries and distribution of the goods produced by these industries. The North held 85% of the factories in the United States and were able to produce more wartime goods than the South due to their efficiency within the manufacturing industry. This advantage in manufacturing was key in the North’s ability to supply its troops with weapons, adequate clothing, and other manufactured goods that would prove crucial to the North’s success. Other industries such as the agricultural production was also key to the North’s success. The North controlled 67% of the farm acreage in the United States and used this advantage to supply its troops with sufficient food for the war. By having an advantage in agricultural production, the North made a better effort than the South to keep their troops well-fed and healthy throughout the war. The North’s advantage of producing goods carried over into their advantage of supplying them. The North controlled 66% of the railroad mileage allowing them to supply their military quickly and efficiently. With most of the battles taking place in the South, the North’s ability to supply their troops along the...

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