Civilization Essay

910 words - 4 pages

1. Discuss the world economy of the nineteenth century, explaining how it functioned and how the West benefited most from the global market involved.

We currently live in a globalized economy. This is often referred to as the second one because from 1870 til World War I, the world markets were globalized. This previous period, called the new industrial Revolution, is where the world's markets integrated and then collapsed between the two World Wars and had a long period of recovery after these major world events.
The second Industrial Revolution is usually dated between 1870 and 1914, although a number of its characteristic events which can be dated to the 1850s. It is, however, ...view middle of the document...

Finally, by changing the relation between knowledge of nature and how it affected technological practices, it irreversibly changed the way technological change itself occurs. In so doing, what was learned in these years prepared the way for many more Industrial Revolutions to come.

Short Answer

1. Summarize the Western definition of “civilization”, explaining the various indices used to determine the level of advancement of any given society.

The word for civilization comes from a Latin word “civitas” which very meaning is city. Society and civilization are not the same. A civilization has cities, religious structure, writing, institutions, and work together for a common purpose. It possesses some form of advancement. In a society there is interaction yet everyone is generally out for themselves and self-sufficient. Civilizations have some form of religious structure.
The meaning of Western can be more complicated. It may have to do with ones political beliefs such as to be democratic or have an interest in human rights. Or the cultural such as the influence of the enlightenment and to believe in reason. It may just simply mean geographical like the map centered around Europe and the US.
Historically Western holds its foundations in the Hebrew and Greek tradition. Hebrew is generally spiritual in nature with Christianity becoming the largest religion worldwide and the Greeks with an intellectual prowess with their ideas of democracy, education, and philosophy(Socrates). Its linguistic legacy is also formidable since about 30% of all Renaissance languages' vocabulary is based in Greek. The Romans and the Germanic tribes are other influences because they conquered the Greeks and Hebrews and intertwined it into their culture helping pass along these traditions.
There is a great deal of...

Find Another Essay On Civilization

Harappan Civilization Essay

1240 words - 5 pages The Harappan civilization, which emerged in 3300 B.C.E, is, for a variety of reasons, one of the most intriguing civilizations that have ever existed. It stretched along the Indus River Valley, from Pakistan to Afghanistan. This civilization, which was made up of a large number of small communities, was technologically very advanced, and, indeed, included many of the features of the society that we have today. The Harappans were one of the

Civilization Paper

656 words - 3 pages Civilization is a term used in many different ways. It can be defined as; people who eat the same kind of foods, People who live together, people who speak the same language, and so on. Yet each way that it is defined relates towards the same topic; Humans and their existence on the planet. Civilization is known greatly as a group of humans or animals that live generally together and practice the same habits. Civilization, according to some

Roman civilization

1168 words - 5 pages Running Head: ROMAN CIVILIZATIONRoman Civilization[Writer Name][Institute Name][Date]Roman CivilizationIntroductionRomans greatly influenced Western civilization; ideas that mostly mixed and matched from other civilizations and cultures to make their own. Since the beginning of civilization and the human race has spread, grown, flower, and burn, and this cycle reciprocating likely that you do not end until the depletion of the earth's resources

Mycenaean Civilization

1647 words - 7 pages Mycenaean Civilization The Mycenaean civilization flourished for four hundred years in the late Bronze Age before collapsing in to small bands of subsistence farmers. Some historians attribute this decline to ‘the Sea People’ who terrorized the Egyptians, Anatolians and the Hittites. But could a mysterious people who left no archeological proof of their existence really bring about the collapse of entire civilizations? Mycenaean

western civilization

809 words - 3 pages Western civilization is one of the world‟s twenty-six civilizations. It started in Crete, the largest Greek island in the eastern Mediterranean sea, about 3,000 years ago. The civilization that rose in Crete was called the Minoan civilization because Crete at that time was under the rule of the legendary King Minos. Ancient Greek civilization originated more than 2,000 years ago on the shores of the Ionian and Aegean Seas. Ancient Greece

Byzantium civilization

527 words - 2 pages The Byzantium Civilization started cause of overcrowding in the eight century B.C. that led Greek city-states to send out colonies throughout the Mediterranean basin. In the year of 667 B.C.; Byzas, from the Greek city of Megra, founded Byzantium Civilization at the mouth of the Black Sea. Alexander the Great dominated Byzantium as he built an empire around it stretching from Greece to India. Byzantium was the Christianized eastern part of the

Aztec civilization

680 words - 3 pages The Aztec Indians created a great civilization in Central Mexico, reaching its peak in the 1500's. Being late arrivals to the area, and because of their strong neighboring nations, they were forced to live in the swampy western areas of the Lake Texcoco. Because of the swampy surroundings, the Aztecs used mud to create miniature islands in the swamps. These islands are called chinampas, or "floating gardens," and were used as farming lands. On

ancient civilization

1530 words - 7 pages Throughout history there have been many civilizations. These civilizations develop; political, social, agricultural, and religious systems. The ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamia civilizations are a couple of the oldest known civilizations in history. The Mesopotamia civilization is believed to have been started around 3000 BCE(Lecture, Mesopotamia, Towns and Cities). The ancient Egyptian civilization is believed to have started around 2680 BCE

Etruscan Civilization

1201 words - 5 pages Etruscan Civilization CHAPTER I Life Governed by Religion 1. INTRODUCTION BETWEEN Florence and Rome lies the inviting land of Tuscany. This was in ancient times the home of a civilized people who possessed the art of enjoying life to the full yet at the same time were perpetually conscious of fate, death and change, and showed a strangely submissive attitude towards the powers of the underworld. The Romans called


663 words - 3 pages Ancient Egypt -- a land of mysteries. No other civilization has so captured the imagination of scholars and laypeople alike. Mystery surrounds its origins, its religion and its monumental architecture: colossal temples, pyramids and the enormous Sphinx. The Egyptian pyramids are the most famous of all the ancient monuments, the only remaining wonder of the seven wonders of the ancient world.Just as life arose from the waters, the seeds of

Western Civilization

884 words - 4 pages civilization and the way we live. Throughout this essay we will look at the simple truths that come from an evolution in weaponry. How it affected the social connections of those times, and the way society was forced to wage war with each other. By the time men had figured out that a piece of rock can mean the difference between life and death, weapons became an important part of human kind. Dating back to prehistoric times, men could only use the

Similar Essays

Civilization Essay

1200 words - 5 pages contrast.Select one civilization from each column and compare them to each other.Classical Greece India2100 BC-1500 BC 350 BC-AD 600vs.Rome China750 BC-AD 500 350 BC-AD 600BibliographyAfter selecting your topic and the two civilizations you will compare and contrast, your next step in developing your research paper is identifying excellent Web resources where you can find the information you will need later when you develop your paper's thesis

Western Civilization Essay

681 words - 3 pages Western Civilization While sitting in class the other day, at the time we were discussing all the different opinionated, but factual, definitions of the word civilization. Listening intently, I thought of what I would see civilization as and how I would relate it to the Egyptians. In early Egypt, I thought of what growth and improvement was shown and how structured the Egyptians were at that time and era. How they

Western Civilization Essay

681 words - 3 pages Western Civilization While sitting in class the other day, at the time we were discussing all the different opinionated, but factual, definitions of the word civilization. Listening intently, I thought of what I would see civilization as and how I would relate it to the Egyptians. In early Egypt, I thought of what growth and improvement was shown and how structured the Egyptians were at that time and era. How they

Indus Civilization Essay

397 words - 2 pages FarmingThe single, decisive factor that made it possible for mankind to settle in permanent communities was agriculture.In both civilizations, farming was carried out. During the Indus Civilization, wheat, barley, rice, a number of vegetables, and dates were some of the common crops. The crops produced might have been similar over the two civilizations as both their diets were alike. They also farmed sheep, pigs and cows. Since rainfall was not