1. Discuss the world economy of the nineteenth century, explaining how it functioned and how the West benefited most from the global market involved.
We currently live in a globalized economy. This is often referred to as the second one because from 1870 til World War I, the world markets were globalized. This previous period, called the new industrial Revolution, is where the world's markets integrated and then collapsed between the two World Wars and had a long period of recovery after these major world events.
The second Industrial Revolution is usually dated between 1870 and 1914, although a number of its characteristic events which can be dated to the 1850s. It is, however, ...view middle of the document...
Finally, by changing the relation between knowledge of nature and how it affected technological practices, it irreversibly changed the way technological change itself occurs. In so doing, what was learned in these years prepared the way for many more Industrial Revolutions to come.
1. Summarize the Western definition of “civilization”, explaining the various indices used to determine the level of advancement of any given society.
The word for civilization comes from a Latin word “civitas” which very meaning is city. Society and civilization are not the same. A civilization has cities, religious structure, writing, institutions, and work together for a common purpose. It possesses some form of advancement. In a society there is interaction yet everyone is generally out for themselves and self-sufficient. Civilizations have some form of religious structure.
The meaning of Western can be more complicated. It may have to do with ones political beliefs such as to be democratic or have an interest in human rights. Or the cultural such as the influence of the enlightenment and to believe in reason. It may just simply mean geographical like the map centered around Europe and the US.
Historically Western holds its foundations in the Hebrew and Greek tradition. Hebrew is generally spiritual in nature with Christianity becoming the largest religion worldwide and the Greeks with an intellectual prowess with their ideas of democracy, education, and philosophy(Socrates). Its linguistic legacy is also formidable since about 30% of all Renaissance languages' vocabulary is based in Greek. The Romans and the Germanic tribes are other influences because they conquered the Greeks and Hebrews and intertwined it into their culture helping pass along these traditions.
There is a great deal of...