Civilization's Connection To Morals And Savagery

1620 words - 6 pages

The comedian Bill Cosby once said, "Civilization had too many rules for me, so I did my best to rewrite them." However humorous of a statement this is, it was not that unique of a concept. Diverging from society and creating new laws is not a concept created in recent-time. Several people have created new societies, such as the Puritans, who wished to achieve religious freedom in the United States. A modern-day example of the creation of new civilizations was the foundation of a Jewish state in Palestine. Although new civilizations have been made, is it possible to imagine what would happen if a group of people simply left civilization? Lord of the Flies, a novel by William Golding, discussed the possible consequences. Lord of the flies was the story of several young boys and how they deal with being stranded on an island with no adult guidance. The group attempted to form a democratic society, but they soon learn that the lack of societal boundaries deeply affected their values. The central theme of this novel was that society holds everyone together and without these conditions, all ideals, values and the basics of right and wrong are lost, as shown with the tribe, Jack, and Roger. The boys reversion to their savage roots was a prime example of how society holds people together and without these conditions, all ideals and values will be lost.
Although Jack and Roger are the main antagonists in this novel, the overall identity of the children was evil. They begin the novel as innocent young boys, but appear to be savage-like in the ending. In chapter 5, Ralph decides to call an assembly in
order to discuss if the beast exists or not. When asked about it, the littun Percival decides to speak up. He says, "Percival Wenys Madison. The Vicarage, Harcourt St. Anthony, Hants, telephone, telephone, tele-" (Golding 86). Percival represents the overall timidness and innocence of the group. His automated response for when he gets lost was created by his parents, who represent civilization, showing that these boys have been molded by their society. However, as the novel progresses and as the amount of time without civilization increases, the group becomes more savage-like. For example, in chapter 9, some period of time after the boys decided to separate, Jack held a feast. At this feast, the whole group became aroused, Ralph and Piggy included. They formed a circle while chanting about how they were going to kill the beast and slit his throat. Subsequently, Simon fell in to the circle, while looking quite gruesome. After the boys saw Simon, they mistook him as the beast. "At once the crowd surged after it, poured down the rock, leapt on to the beast, screamed, struck, bit, tore. There were no words and no movements but the tearing of teeth and claws" (Golding 153). At this point in the novel, the boys have reached a stage where they are unable to think before acting, causing them to make savage and immoral decisions. Had the boys took a second to...

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