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Civilizations In Ancient Times: The Roman Civilization

671 words - 3 pages

The ancient roman civilization is considered to be one of the best civilizations in ancient times. Not only because it lasted so long but because of the size of the empire was so huge and well organized. According to popular legend two brothers named Romulus and Remus were abandoned by an evil uncle on the banks of the Tiber river. Before they drowned a she-wolf found them and nurtured them back to health. They grew up to be strong and very courageous then Romulus killed Remus and founded Rome in 753 B.C.E. Early Rome was a mix of Indo-Europeans from the mountains that roamed into the Italian peninsula. The early years of the roman government was a monarchy and several of the kings weren’t even roman they were Etruscan. After one of the last Etruscan kings were out of nobility the romans replaced him with a republic. The romans built a large forum where the center of it would be political and civic centers filled with temples. ...view middle of the document...

Therefore granting conquered peoples roman citizenship providing them freedom to trade in rome, and take roman spouses. One of the romans first major wars was with Carthage. The war lasted between 264 and 146 B.C.E. known as the Punic wars against the Carthaginians. Between 215 and 148 B.C.E. the roman republic fought in five major wars heavily in Macedon and Anatolia, obviously against Macedon and Anatolia. When these wars were over in 148 B.C.E. Rome became of the preeminent power in the east and western Mediterranean. The rise of the republic brought wealth and power to the roman state but they also brought problems as well as benefits. The constant battle inside the roman state between the plebeians and the patricians rose again because of the unequal distribution of wealth. With all the problems rome was facing with the expanding of their lands it was obvious that they needed a change in the way they govern themselves. A political leader that could change the government to a empire a run with ease was Julius Caesar. He recognized the need for class reform and preferred the more liberal guidelines that would ease the suffering of the poor. In the coming years of Julius Caesar’s rule he declared himself master of the Roman state. Which he claimed for life rather than a set amount of time which was normally six-months for roman leaders. Julius Caesars confiscated property from the conservatives and distributed it to the veterans of his army and other supporters. He also had launched large scale buildings to help get the poor jobs easier. Unfortunately his reign came to an early stop when members of the roman elite stabbed him to death in hope of reestablishing the republic. The death of romes leader caused thirteen more years of civil war. After the war was over between the romans they had to figure out who was next to be leader. The person who was to succeed Caesar was his nephew and adopted son Octavian. Octavian also came out victorious against Mark Antony his rival who had joined forces with Cleopatra of Egypt. Octavian later on down the road got the name Augustus. While his forty five years of unchallenged rule, Augustus made an imperial government that directed Roman affairs for the next three centuries.

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