Cjs Analysis

658 words - 3 pages

There are few components within the CJS that demonstrate ineffectiveness, particularly in the corrections, and court system branches. In 1835, the first penitentiary opened in Canada, and it is fair to say that it’s main focus was to punish, not rehabilitate, individuals who broke the law. There was a large amount of labour, inmate mistreatment, and strict rules surrounding silence. Then, in the beginning of the twentieth century, the focus shifted from punishment, to helping offenders reintegrate into society by “[modifying] core behaviours, attitudes, and habits” (p.3, CSC, 2009). Furthermore, corrections continue to this day to try to improve conditions for inmates, develop programs that will help in the rehabilitation process, and decrease chances of recidivism.
The correctional rehabilitation programs through Corrections Services Canada (CSC), are far from effective. Roughly 95 percent of convicted persons are not sentenced to prison terms, rather diversion programs, probation, conditional sentences, intermediate sanctions, electronic monitoring (Griffiths, 2011a). The remaining five percent are incarcerated. With those numbers in mind, it is estimated that 75 percent of the corrections budget goes to the facilities, and only ten percent to inmate programs (Griffiths, 2011b). It is understandable why there is such a large difference between the two; there are many staff and facilities to take care of; however, it does not excuse such a small amount going towards inmate resources. Without diving into expense specifics, the small percentage of money going towards rehabilitation suggests that it is not a goal to help inmates, but to keep them locked away, contradicting the change of correctional attitudes at the beginning of the twentieth century.
Another issue of Canadian corrections is how well of a deterrence prison is, and whether the tough of crime approach is effective. Ramcharan and Ramcharan (2005) note that while incarcerated, inmates develop a culture inclusive with their own beliefs, values, morals, and rules (p. 201); this culture can subsequently make rehabilitation and reintegration more difficult....

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