This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Class And Poverty In Australia Essay

2164 words - 9 pages

Class is a key idea related to inequality, prejudice and discrimination in Australian society. It has been considered out of fashion, because some Australian people think that there is no class difference between people in Australia, everyone enjoys equality in society. In fact, the recent de-regulation of the workplace, and the widening gap in access to hospitals, schools and employment opportunities between the rich and poor, have made class more visible in Australian than ever before. Class is "a category of people who have generally similar educational histories, job opportunities, and social standing and who are conscious of their membership in a social group that is ranked in relation to others and is replicated over generations" (Kent, 1998:87). This essay argues that class cause continues to inequality in Australian society. Firstly, class structures labor market inequality. Secondly, class shapes the quality of a person's life. Thirdly, class inequality produces continuing class differences into the next generation. Finally, class has becoming a debate in Australian society, because class inequality encourages the `right' people to work more efficiently in the workforce and helps people to identify themselves in society, but continuing relevance of the concept of class is a matter in contemporary Australia.

First, class has determined inequality in labor market, because labor market is directly linked with the main source of income for most people, which provides everyday purchase on food, clothing, transport and housing. In Australian labor market, a large number people are employed in middle working class, for example sales, clerical or service job. However, there are a few people working in the top occupations, such as manager and administrator. The table 1 is about the difference types of full time job in Australia. It shows more then 2.8 million Australian people working in clerical, sales or service job. The number people, who are managers and administrators, is far more less than other occupations (just 634,400 million people). This consequence has caused the income hierarchy in workforce that more people in labor occupations earn far less than small number people in top occupations.

Table 1 also indicates that the average weekly earning in different occupation. The manager and administrators are enjoying the highest weekly earning than other people; the second higher weekly earning is professional occupation. Other occupations are considered lower weekly earning. Especially, laborers and related workers earn 445 dollars per week. In the income hierarchy, the top occupation of income is nearly 3 times more than the bottom of income; it increases inequality in workforce between different occupations. Indeed, women earn less than men in all occupations within class. In summary, labor market is directly related to inequality. Graetz claims "Income and wealth are important measures of material inequality" (2003:162). In...

Find Another Essay On Class and Poverty in Australia

Is Australia a Class Society? If so, in what sense?

3577 words - 14 pages administrative colonial masters. In every society on earth, whereever and whenever in time, class distinctions are naturally drawn as part of the human nature. Much more so in a capitalist and highly individualistic society than others. This essay will argue that Australia is indeed a class society, however much hidden behind the façade of much paraded "Egalitarian Australia" and Australia is not an society totally deviod of class divisions as history

Everyone in Australia Thinks That They Are Middle Class

1434 words - 6 pages surveyed in 1996 felt that their quality of life was declining, while just below 40% believed it was getting better (Pusey in Norton 2003). Whilst the true reasons are debatable, it is clear to say that the middle class of Australia is undergoing some significant changes in the new millennium. In this essay, I examine notions of what middle class in Australia really means and why many Australians don't consider themselves to be solely middle class

Poverty and injustice in society

1925 words - 8 pages financial gains but ,what class saw them and why. "Does theway people live their lives have more to do with it"? Society is ever changing and an economycan change with the slightest issue. Statistics on the poverty level change on a day to day basis..The poverty rate is the percentage of persons falling below a certain income level, depending onhousehold size (Income).Poverty is the result of injustice by society. When those live in poverty cannot

Poverty and Crime in America

3686 words - 15 pages is there so much crime coming from the lower class but also crime frmo the lower class coming from children and teenagers. From blacks, to hispanics, to whites, to men and women, crime exists within poverty. There is no doubt that people want to be out of poverty, they want to have more than enough money to get by. They want to be able to feel safe in the neighborhood they live in with the people they live with. Crime in America happens everyday

Poverty and Voting in America

3322 words - 13 pages Review of the Literature: For my topic of research, the dynamics of poverty and voting in America, I used a vast number of sources in an attempt to produce the most accurate and broad discussion possible. The sources I believe to be the most reliable were: 1) the scholarly works (Friedman; Raskin), which were purely scientific and did not include political biases, but rather examined the facts from as neutral a point of view as possible

The Intersection of Race, Class and Gender with Underemployment and Poverty in Four Mississippi Delta Counties by Antoinette Jones: A Critique

940 words - 4 pages Underemployment and Poverty has always been one of many of the United States’ down falls. Some areas of the U.S endure this burden more than others. The Mississippi Delta is one of these areas. It has endured this burden for as long as one can remember. Poverty is usually caused by ethnicity, level on the social system and by a person’s gender. Antoinette Jones’ book, The Intersection of Race, Class and Gender with Underemployment and Poverty in

Presidentialism in Britain and Australia

2249 words - 9 pages groups as the gaps between the middle-class and working-class narrowed. So one of the replacements for class-based voting was for the head of the party to lead elections away from class to things like issues, policies and of course the personality's own favourable characteristics. 'Early voting studies in parliamentary democracies like Great Britain and Australia tended to downplay the independent electoral impact of party leaders, arguing that

Pluralism and Diversity in Australia

1103 words - 4 pages Since European settlement, the Australian religious landscape has evolved radically from being dominated by traditional Christian denominations to a rise in alternative beliefs. The abolition of the White Australia Policy, secularisation and modernisation have all assisted immigration in reshaping Australia's faith. This essay will seek to examine key factors over the last 60years, which have influenced the religious plane of

Media in Australia and Indonesia

1620 words - 6 pages Television is one of the vital source from which most people receive information. Through literacy research and experimentation, it has been proved that people’s perception of reality has been altered by the information they receive from such programs. Television influences society in many ways. It is quite clear that televisions in Indonesia and Australia reflect each of their own cultural values. Many factors contribute to the

Childhood and Socialisation in Australia

530 words - 2 pages George Herbert Mead (1863-1931) and Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934). Agents of Socialization: In Australian culture, socialization occurs through various agents, and due to Australia being so multicultural and diverse, the importance of each of these agents is different from individual to individual. „X     Family ¡V For most children, the family is the epicenter of socialization and is the most important factor in how the child

Bilingualism and Multiliteracies in Australia

1374 words - 5 pages This essay will demonstrate the research that is implemented on children with bilingual ability; discussing three main issues in bilingualism which is: the maintaining children’s first language, social and cognitive benefits, also why bilingualism should be in cooperated into school programming/curriculum. Bilingualism can be defined as the ability to speak and/or write in two languages. In Australia English is the main language although in

Similar Essays

Caritas Australia And Oasis: Programs Against Poverty

884 words - 4 pages well as the Catholic Social teachings, this essay will have a look at how they do that. The work that Caritas Australia does, mainly addresses the issue of poverty. They believe that poverty is a direct link to a lack of education in young children, as almost half the world lives on $2 a day. Caritas Australia set out to help fix this problem, by vowing to improve education for young children in third-world countries such as Samoa, Peru and

There Is A Ruling Class In Australia

539 words - 3 pages THERE IS A RULING CLASS IN AUSTRALIA Wealth, power and position. These three factors alone categorise each and every human into a group where they are placed with people of similar status. This is known as a person's class. Today in Australia there is a new class that influences society as a whole and it is known as the ruling class.The Australian society consists of three different classes that are determined by wealth. The first of these

Class Is No Longer Relevant In Australia

495 words - 2 pages The following essay will present the argument "Class is no longer relevant in Australia". To say that class is irrelevant in today's society is a great understatement. Although the statement may have some authority as Australia shouldn't have class structures, this essay will demonstrate the fact that class struggles are increasing in our lives and that they are still relevant in Australia. This argument will be presented to testify that the

Poverty And Social Class In Arthur Morrison’s A Child Of The Jago

1883 words - 8 pages Arthur Morrison’s A Child of the Jago (1896) is intrinsically linked to the social class system and poverty. The novel is set and published during the late Victorian age, a period in which the working class experienced a relentless struggle against the harsh realities of social and working conditions. Moreover, in his paper The Working Class in Britain 1850-1939, John Benson highlights the disparities between the poor and the economy