Classical Architecture Essay

604 words - 2 pages

Classical Architecture

The West has always put a great emphasis on how beholden it is to many cultural and political institutions derived from Classical Antiquity. This has been most consistent in aesthetic conceptions of art and architecture. Many monuments and architectural traditions of the West derive directly from ancient sources, in an attempt to link the ideals of modern life with those of ancient Greece and Rome. Nowhere is this more evident than in the capitol of the United States where a Neo-Classical style predominates. The Lincoln Memorial built in 1822 embodies the conscious attempt to sanctify an American President with a classical model. It was based upon the quintessential classical building of the Parthenon. The Parthenon was built during the High Classical Period, when Periclean Athens was at its height. It more than any other building has come to symbolize the Classical ideal on which Western society supposedly stands. It came to represent the democratic tradition on which many Enlightenment thinkers, including the Founding Fathers of the American Revolution, had associated with Athenian Greece. The association between Ancient Greece and the ideals of freedom were so great that the Romantic poet Lord Byron rushed to his death to support the Greek revolution against their Turkish overlords. The Parthenon has served as an architectural model on which to instill the connection between the Ancient and Modern worlds.

It is no wonder that the young American Republic would latch onto the Neo-Classical ideal that dominated European aesthetics for the first half of the 19th century. They wished to both sanctify a fallen leader and idealized man, and make a conscious connection with the first democratic society. They chose the Parthenon as their model precisely because it serves as the climax of the Greek political and artistic lives.

Lincoln would be sitting within a recess behind fluted...

Find Another Essay On Classical Architecture

Classical Architecture: An Everlasting Imprint Essay

1346 words - 5 pages into the building. William MacDonald describes the message of the Pantheon as a “compounded of mystery and fact, of stasis and mutability, of earth and that above, pulses through the architecture of western man; its progeny, in both shape and idea.[2] The Pantheon has left an everlasting impression on many architectsand art enthusiasts throughout the generations and it’s evident to see that the architect of the east façade of the high school

The Influence of Humanism in the Architecture of Classical Greece and Rome

965 words - 4 pages Throughout history, there have been numerous factors that have influenced the development of western architecture. The most influential factor of classical architecture was humanism. The ideology of humanism is an attitude centered chiefly in the values, interests, and potential of human beings (Webster's II New Riverside Dictionary 205). Humanism is what leads to the development of the Classical World as we know it.In the Classical World, that

A Study of Ancient and Modern Architecture

1736 words - 7 pages buildings. They even used their architectural techniques to create the famous and functional aqueducts that transported the water supply throughout the city (Nuttgens 63). Aside from these classical orders, many other styles and forms that influenced (and still influence) the world of architecture were invented. To again quote Nuttgens: “The turning points in architectural history are caused by the exercise of ingenuity of a very high order after a

Comparing the Gothic Revival in England Before and After 1820

1093 words - 4 pages disrepair. During the Cromwellian period many Gothic buildings were classical in the interior and church interiors in the 17th century became increasingly boring and plain. Many statues, altars and windows were destroyed. Some attempts at gothic architecture were made in 17th century but many were a mix-match of ideas. Even though in the early1600’s there was an early flowering of mediaeval architecture with the Kings College in Cambridge

Art and Architecture in the Middle Ages and Renaissance

1128 words - 5 pages The difference between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is most visible through art and architecture, demonstrated specifically through an emphasis on religion or classical antiquity, and humanity. During the Middle Ages, art was more religious because it had a very religious influence from the church having such great power in the community. When the Renaissance started, art became more focused on ancient Greece. The Greek influence was

The architectural movement in the twentieth century

1086 words - 4 pages Art Deco in the 1920's. (Howarth, 1990) The style lived as a simplified appearance of classical architecture that portrait the future with a geometric, sleek & dramatic essence. In addition to the presence of jazzy patterns, Art Deco was also known as Jazz Moderne. Designed in zig zag & cubic forms using chrome or plastic ornamentation it was objectively used for commercial reasons in movie theatres, fashion shops & hotels. (Craven, n.d

Roman and Greek Architecture Comparison

1812 words - 8 pages classica and also on contemporary architecture, not exclusively in Greece and neighboring European countries, but additionally all over the world. Classical designs of architecture that displays Greco-Roman columns and various other layouts are visible in numerous buildings and structures, especially in government buildings, courthouses, banks, and mansions amongst others. Several affluent and distinguished individuals would integrate Greek and Roman

Andrea Palladio

970 words - 4 pages arcades on two levels. Arches were placed between pilasters, Doric on the lower level, Ionic above, supporting entablatures. In each bay, the arch rests on small columns placed away from the larger pilasters with a rectangular gap in between - now known as the ‘Palladian motif’. Palladio had an exceptional grasp of the use of proportion in classical architecture and believed beautiful architecture improved people’s lives and their behaviour. He

The Effects of Architecture on Society

2392 words - 10 pages breaking from the old completely. Venturi was regarded as being “adept at manipulating the classical heritage in order to produce buildings that reflect the past and the present.” He still wanted to embrace innovation but without abandoning the architectural merits of notions such as local memory, disposability and complication. This reflects the ideals of the Postmodern architecture which drew away from the stark, unornamented language of the

Italian Rationalism

2515 words - 10 pages . Indeed, the manifesto embraced a nationalist programme consistent with the cultural policies of the fascist regime.Echoing Le Corbusier, their manifesto announced the advent in Europe of the new spirit; it was distinguished by strict adherence to logic and rationality, a concern for rhythm and classical proportions and a sense of history as faith in the spirit of the age.The first installment discussed their concept of true modern architecture and

The Influence of Renaissance in Art and Architecture

1083 words - 4 pages The influences of any era is evident through artwork and architecture. During the Middle Ages the main influence was the church, this is evident through the focus on biblical and religious symbols. During the Renaissance the main focus was the study of people. This is shown through the increase in self portraits and classical antiquity-inspired buildings. The change between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is best shown through the art and

Similar Essays

Neo Classical Architecture Essay

512 words - 2 pages During the 1700s, architects began to turn away from elaborate Baroque and Rococo styles. The classical architecture of ancient Greece and Rome became a model for restrained Neoclassical, or Neo-classical, styles. A reinterpretation of the principles of Classical architecture in the late 18th and the early 19th century, and beyond. This term often includes the Federal style, Classical Revival style, and Greek and Roman orders; sparing

Classical And Gothic Architecture Essay

820 words - 3 pages Classical and Gothic ArchitectureThe cultures of the ancient Greeks and medieval Europeans were significantly influenced by religion. Greek Classicism brought about some of the most beautiful artwork and architecture that still exists today. The style strives to exemplify a culture of harmony, order, reason, intellect, objectivity, and formal discipline (Sporre, 2010). Classicism is best exemplified in the ancient temples that are found

Classical Greek Architecture Essay

1284 words - 5 pages Classical Greek Architecture The reuse of older art works in contemporary times is not an uncommon occurrence, and many examples can be seen throughout the day as one goes from place to place. Even when one is browsing through the World Wide Web can many uses of older art and architecture be seen, as with the example shown. This image was found on the internet at the American Express homepage (, which

Classical Design Elements In Architecture Essay

901 words - 4 pages Classical Design Elements In Architecture Throughout history, Classical ideals of the ancient Greeks and Romans have been prevalent in all facets of art. In architecture this is especially true. A few of the Classical ideals employed in architecture are colonnaded porticoes, domed centers and symmetrical designs. Architects such as Andrea di Pietro, Christopher Wren and Thomas Jefferson used these Classical design elements in their