This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ivan Pavlov And His Theory On Classical Conditioning

739 words - 3 pages

Classical conditioning is the conditional programming of an organism to respond to a conditioned stimulus that seeks to enhanced and enforce a certain behavior in an organism. This is achieved through the use of classical conditioned stimulus or object that is presented with an unconditioned stimulus in an organism. Classical conditioning involves the use of a neutral stimulus in order to instil a classically generated behavior or response in an organism. Classical conditioning was first advanced by Ivan Pavlov who was the founding father of behaviorism. Behaviorism was a study in psychology that specially dealt with the study of behavior and behaviorism and how behaviorism is achieved in humans.
The theory of behaviorism was later advanced by JB Watson who argued that any behavior can be instilled in a child. Watson argued that any child can be classically conditioned to become anything or to acquire any behavior. The study off classical conditioning involves presenting to an animal or organism to a conditioned stimulus. There is no connection between the conditioned stimulus and the organism. The organism is then exposed to an unconditional stimulus which is then followed repetitively with the exposition of the conditioned stimulus over a certain number of times until the organism learns to associate the conditioned stimulus with the unconditioned stimulus to produce a conditioned response even at the absence of an unconditioned response. In the process the organism was found to elicit an unconditional response at the exposure to the conditioned stimulus.
The organism was also found to have associated the conditioning to other related objects. Thus stimulus generalization occurs as a result of exposure to the stimulus generating environment. Thus the organism learns to derive unconditional response to the conditioned stimulus. The behavior which was not previously displaying in the organism starts displaying itself in the new organism. This is known as classical conditioning of a behavior that did not exist before in the organism. Classical conditioning is thus modification of a new behavior in an organism. However, this behavior has to be reinforced severally because lack of reinforcement with the unconditional stimulus would lead to dying out of the behavior in an organism but the behavior can be...

Find Another Essay On Ivan Pavlov and His Theory on Classical Conditioning

Classical and Operant Conditioning Essay

1596 words - 7 pages , 2010). Whilst classical conditioning is based on automatic and involuntary behaviors, operant conditioning focuses on intentional behaviors. Operant conditioning focuses on strengthening or weakening voluntary behaviors while classical conditioning specializes on involuntary and automatic behaviors. Classical conditioning involves placing a conditional stimulus which is a impartial signal prior to a reflex while the operant conditioning involves

Classical and Operant Conditioning Essay

1191 words - 5 pages While many people may believe that learning is just a natural response that all animals are capable of, there is actually a more complex explanation on how we learn the things we do in order to survive in the world. Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are both basic forms of learning, they have the word conditioning in common. Conditioning is the acquisition of specific patterns of behavior in the presence of well-defined stimuli

Classical and Operant Conditioning

787 words - 3 pages There are two main explanations of how organisms learn. Thefirst explanation is known as classical conditioning. The secondexplanation is known as operant conditioning. These two types oflearning are exhibited in our everyday lives through our home,school, and school.Classical conditioning was discovered by Iran PetrovichPavlov. He was originally a physiologist whose main focus wasthe digestive system (Gazzaniga 230). His discovery was

Operant and Classical Conditioning

847 words - 3 pages Classical conditioning was identified by Thorndike (pictured left), he experimented on a number of animals and generalised the results to humans. Classical conditioning is where a conditioned response leads to a conditioned response which has risen from unconditioned response caused by an unconditioned stimulus.Thorndike's Law of Exercise is the theory that when the stimulus and response are connected several times, then the connection is

Classical and Operant Conditioning - 748 words

748 words - 3 pages Classical and Operant ConditioningThere are many differences between classical and operant conditioning. One is the extent to which reinforcement depends on the behavior of the learner. In classical conditioning the response is a natural reaction that the subject cannot avoid. They can be conditioned at any time for that reason. It relies on reflex, to which we have no volitional control. An example of this is when I ate lots of coconut in

Contrasting Principles of Classical and Operant Conditioning

2660 words - 11 pages simple associations between them. The most famous research for classical conditioning comes from Ivan Pavlov in 1927. During Pavlov’s research into salivary secretion in dogs he noticed that when he put food into a dog’s mouth it would salivate. He then found that if he worked repeatedly with the same dog it would salivate to stimuli associated with food such as the sight of food, the food dish or the presence of the

Classical and Rational Theory

962 words - 4 pages The classical school of thought was one of the first paradigms'. This paradigm is responsible for more humanistic view of the criminal justice system; However, it did not attempt to explain criminal behavior. This is extremely important because it focused all it attention on preventing crime and protecting society without this consideration. The classical school acted on the bases of crime and law and with the appropriate relationship its chief

Classical and Operant Conditioning: A Contrast. Clearly explains both forms of conditioning and contrasts the two

1302 words - 5 pages psychology via Ivan Pavlov's experiments with dogs. His theory suggested that an organism could learn to associate one stimulus it expected and responded to automatically with a stimulus that held no prior importance to the organism. In his experiments, Pavlov would have the original stimulus, or the unconditioned stimulus (UCS), follow the non-important stimulus, or neutral stimulus (NS), when presented to the dogs. He would then observe the

Essay Questions on Conditioning and Reinforcement

733 words - 3 pages ,-this is punishment and will tend to produce a decrease in negative behavior and get the child to do that which is needed to be done. Classical conditioning on the other hand was founded by Ivan Pavlov in the 20th century. According to the Merriam Webster’s Dictionary, he explains it to be “conditioning in which the conditioned stimulus (as the sound of a bell) is paired with and precedes the unconditioned stimulus (as the sight of food) until

Is Classical Management Theory Outdated and Obsolete?

1831 words - 7 pages efficiency while visionary leadership is more focused on empowering workers. Visionary leadership and classical management theory both aim to motivate and inspire workers; however, the intentions and outcomes are different. One theory is not better than the other especially since most of the time the two theories are intertwined. Classical management theory is not outdated or obsolete; however, visionary leadership should become more interwoven with the

Ivan Albright and his Painting Among Those Left

1380 words - 6 pages , Ivan Albright was keen on famous artists' works such as Rembrandt and El Greco. Surely, they particularly influenced all his outlook and approach to the image. His works are distinguished with specific mystery and gloom. Perhaps the reason lies in the First World War events, in which he participated and worked at a hospital in France. Death and life, the sense and purpose of the spirit, and everything that he saw and contemplated on during these

Similar Essays

Classical Conditioning: Ivan Pavlov Essay

680 words - 3 pages Ivan Pavlov, a russian behaviorist, is known for his classic conditioning experiments. Classical Conditioning is a type of learning where we associate two stimuli. It is noted that his curiosity aspired when he noticed salivation ran on the tangent of putting food in a dogs mouth. He began noticing that the dog not only salivated to the food in its mouth but with the environment associated with food such as location, sight of the person feeding

Ivan Pavlov: Digestion And Conditioning Essay

1374 words - 5 pages Ivan Pavlov is best known for his experiments and theories regarding classical conditioning and is often referred to as the Father of Classical Conditioning. (Lawry, 1981). Few know, however, that Pavlov initially planned on becoming a priest, like his father. He was born in 1849 in the small Russian town of Ryazan, the eldest son in a poor family. In 1860, at the age of 11, Pavlov finally began his formal education at Ryazan Ecclesiastical High

Fear Of Flying And Classical Conditioning Theory

669 words - 3 pages How Lauren may have learned of her Fear of Flying? How Lauren learned she had a fear in flying? Using the Classical Conditioning theory the possibilities could be endless. Classical conditioning in simple terms is the method in which one determines why and the cause of a condition as well as what has brought it about. There are many stimulus both conditioned and unconditioned that can cause fear or other problems, but the major reason for

Classical And Operant Conditioning Essay 725 Words

725 words - 3 pages Learning can be defined as an experience that causes a relatively permanent change in an organism. There are two broad types of learning, classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning has to do with associating a stimulus with a response and this was promoted by Ivan Pavlov. Operant conditioning has to do with the consequences of a behavior determining its future occurrence and was promoted by B. F. Skinner (Schater