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Classical Liberalism In The States Essay

895 words - 4 pages

Classical liberalism was the dominant ideology of capitalism during the periods of eighteenth century. It view was widely accepted. It said that government should just sit back and watch business so they do not cheat the government also to enforcecontracts. The classical had many creeds they were Psychological, economic, and ,political. Each view has its own points. In this paper I will discuss those points and show you how Bob Dole is a classical liberalist.Psychological creed of classical liberalism is based on four assumptions of human nature. People were believed to be egoistic, coldly calculating, essential inert, and atomistic. Hobbes a economics argued that people were motivated by the desire for pleasure and to avoid pain. Jeremy Bentham believed pleasure differ in intensity but there was no qualitative difference. He argued that 'quality of pleasure being equal, to a pushpin is as good as poetry,' The theory he is trying to say about human motivation is that the we are lazy and selfishA big part of classical liberalism is that we are coldly calculating. Being coldly calculating means that when a situation comes about we dissever what will makeus receive less pain and more pleasure. Although the human motivation is by pleasure it is the decision that are cold, selfish, dispassionate, and rational assessment of the situation to choose how to avoid the pain and receive the pleasure. The emphasis on the importance of rational measurement of pleasure and pains that forms the calculating intellectual side of the classical liberal's of psychology.Classical liberalism tells us that if the individuals saw there was no chance of pleasure or feared no pain, then they would be inert, motionless, or in simpler terms. Just plain lazy. Any type of extra work is consider painful therefore would not been done unlesssomeone were to promise them greater pleasure then the pain. This thinking of the human race being lazy came about in the 1700 to 1770 in England where people only worked because of the fear of hunger. The Reverend Joseph Townsend put this view very succinctly: ' Hunger is not only peaceable, silent and unremitted pressure, but, as the most natural motive to industry and labor, it calls forth the most powerful exertions.' Towsend believed that 'only the experience of hunger would goad them to labor'The last view of classical liberalism is atomistic. The view of atomism is that the individual was a more fundamental reality than the group or society. The classical liberals rejected the views of Christian paternalist ethic which was that the society is like a family and the relationships that made up that society was more important then the...

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