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Classical Musical Culture: Piano Art Essay

3677 words - 15 pages

Piano art is one of the most significant areas of classical musical culture. The history of solo piano keyboard culture has been more than five hundred years. Periodization of piano culture is divided into several periods: Baroque, Classical, Romantic and Twentieth Century. I have played piano for many years and have always been interested in the development of Western classical piano compositions and pieces from classical period to the present day so I decided to do my investigation on this topic because I always wondered how piano solos have developed.
The piano has developed at the 18 centuries by Bartolomeo Cristofori. It is used for composing, accompaniment and solo performances. The ...view middle of the document...

The rest of the dampers at the same time continue to behave as usual.
In the Mideval /Romantic periods were a harpsichord and a virginal instruments. The virginal instrument is a keyboard instrument from the harpsichord family. It is simple, small rectangular with one string per note and harpsichord is also a type of a keyboard instruments. It designates the family of similar type of keyboard instruments, including the smaller virginal, muselar and spinet.
The development of the piano was during several periods. The first period was Baroque period. In this period there were a lot of famous composers but the most outstanding composer was Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1757). The most important part of his heritage is a keyboard sonata´s. His first collection of sonatas was published in 1738. His virtuoso sonatas features related to their name “Essercizi” (Track 1). Future sonatas becoming more and more contrasting, they become different in texture, character and in tone. This formation we can see in his C-Major Sonata (Track 2). On this sonata we can see a clear division into three sections: exposition, development and recapitulation. The exposition section comprises a main and a by-side parties contrasting in a tone regard. In a development section he used material from exposition section. Scarlatti united sonatas by the principle of tonal similarity, contrast in amount and rate. The example of this is sonata C-Major and sonata C-Minor (Track 3). In his sonatas normally increase provocative tone in music, highlights the critical points in the melody and harmony, gives the musical line constructive clarity. Most of his sonatas is stand of virtuosity. Particularly he developed the technique of jumps (A-Major K-113 and G-Major K-477) (Track 4) (Track 5).
In every art history there is a great creative periods of generalization and creation of cultural values. Such periods are widely disseminated beyond by the time and get the value of the world art. Namely, in the music such were few and one of them apart from Scarlatti was Johan Sebastian Bach (1685-1750). In the limits of his style he brought up to the highest point polyphony, fugue and suits. He did a great job in creating new genres, the first examples of clavier concerto. Bach is considered as the biggest polyphonist and master of the harmony. He tried to give to polyphonic compositions more free character. One of the innovations of Bach in his collation was to connect preludes and fugues into one. In the preceding music such communications were less stable. Types of relationship between preludes and fugues are different. Composer combines sometimes similar, sometimes contrasting compositions. Some foreplay in its conception conceived as "administration" in artistic greater fugue. Others on his "Specific gravity" can compete with a fugue. Creating his collection, Bach took a bold step in
the use of many never tried before time tonalities. This was made possible thanks to...

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