Classical Theory Marx & Current Affairs

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Marx and Current Social MovementsMarx and World Social MovementsThe first decade of the 21st century brought major changes to the world's stability through an increase of globalization and social unrest. French philosopher Frederic Gros explains in States of Violence: An Essay on the End of the War that traditional notions of war and peace are being replaced by concepts of intervention and security. However, the end of war does not imply the end to violence. In fact, it is precisely the opposite, new forms of violence are appearing. Most notable is the threat of global terrorism. The 9/11 attacks and the omnipresent threat of global terrorism have placed fear at the heart of international relations and everyone's daily life. War used to be conducted to increase the power of an empire, state, or city. Now conflict is directed toward the fragility of the individual. Absolute guilt is being replaced by less tangible suspicion.Globalization has a significant impact on social movements. The organ- izational power of information technology and social networking has allowed civil unrest to reach a transnational status. One can say that trans-nationalism is the contemporary shape of Marxist internationalism; that transnational social movements are the contemporary incarnations of the Marxist proletarian revolution.Current anti-government, unrest in North Africa, and uproars throughout the Middle East started on December 18th 2010, in Tunisia, and provoked an unforeseen domino effect throughout the entire region. Perhaps we are on the edge of a widespread revolutionary movement. Although the insurgents do not literally want a communist economy, their fight for democracy can be considered a model for a future world revolution. Marx and Engel's explain in the Communist Manifesto, "We have seen above, that the first step in the revolution by the working class is to raise the proletariat to the position of ruling class to win the battle of democracy" (1848). The rise of capitalism requires the rise of democracy to better meet capitalist needs. One could say that the current rise in global democracy is in agreement with Marx and Engel's views. It is a step that must be taken to reach Marx's prediction.Current world social movements and historical materialism.Current social movements can be grouped into three different categories:The democratic revolutions or uprisings for social reform in North Africa, the Middle East, Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen, Iran, Bahrain, Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Djibouti, Algeria, Sudan, Syria, and the Palestinian Territories, also called the Arab Spring (end of 2010-2011).The transnational social movements that rose in the 1980's that continue, with increasing globalization, to be a source of pressure on political powers, such as the alter-globalizations protests at G8 meetings and the annual World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.The European uprisings comprised mostly of students and young people protesting against...

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