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Classical Theory Of Criminology Essay

674 words - 3 pages

The type and severity of punishment are also covered in the theory. It is for the common interest of the society that crimes are not only prevented but also made less frequent depending on the harm or damage they cause society. Consequently, the severity of impediments or punishments that prevent individuals from committing crimes should depend on the proportion of harm that crime impact on the society (Beccaria, 1986). Therefore, there must be an appropriate proportion between punishments and crimes. Additionally, for punishments to achieve their intended purpose, the evil they impose have to exceed the benefits resulting from the crime. The Effectiveness of punishment for an individual ...view middle of the document...

Torture confessions should be invalid since an innocent person may confess in order to stop the pain inflicted by torture; he may even implicate other innocent accomplices. In summary, confessions attained through torture may make an innocent, weak individual confess to as crime he did not commit and suffer punishment not meant for him. Strong guilty persons, on the other hand, may get away with crimes if torture is used; this is because of their capability to endure torture.
One of the main problems linked with the classical criminology theory is that it does not tolerate explanatory or extenuating circumstances. A person who steals or robs the profits of a business is treated in a similar way as an individual who steals from a business in order to eat; many people perceive this as being inhumane (Akers & Sellers, 2012). The free will assumption is also somehow questionable; this is because individuals may be forced into making certain decisions because of their socioeconomic level or circumstances. Criminals deserve to be punished for their deeds, these punishments or sentences should be fair, this means that the punishment...

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