Plagiarism - Three Types of Cheaters
"Fools make researches and wise men exploit them." Merriam-Webster's dictionary defines the word plagiarize as to pass off as one's own the ideas or words of another. Every student knows that plagiarism is dishonest and wrong. Why do so many students do it? Students themselves may not believe that they are plagiarizing. Many students plagiarize because of the diverse types of plagiarism which are often unknown to students. The three major types of plagiarism are shameless, haphazard and self-plagiarism. Self-plagiarism is a relatively new concept that has not gained much attention in the student world.
Shameless plagiarists are the ones who go through their entire academic career passing off other people's work as their own. In a majority of cases, these people do not get caught. Recently, a first year student at the San Diego State University admitted to her friends that she was turning in her uncle's essays for every assignment. She felt that she was not doing harm to anyone because her uncle would specifically write the essays for her. All this student had to do was retype the essays with her name on the top of the paper. According to this student, she is not plagiarizing because her uncle has given his expressed permission by consenting to the use of his essays. She has almost completed her first year at the school without even one teacher suspecting academic dishonesty. Although her friends and family members are appalled at her and her uncle's lack of scruples, no one has alerted the school or her teachers.
Up north at Chico State University, a young man confessed to his friends that he sends his rough-draft essays to his mother for "proof-reading." His mother essentially would re-write his essay leaving the basic idea intact. After re-configuring his paragraphs, she erases his sentences and replaces them with her own. Her son, completely happy with the re-writes, feels that he is not partaking in any form of plagiarism because she has always done this for him. His mother does not feel that her son is plagiarizing because she approves her son using the "proof-read" essays even though the essays are not his original work.
Throughout Carondelet High School, students can be found, for a price, who are willing to write other students' essays. The "brains," as they are labeled at the school, do not feel that those who turn in the essays are plagiarizing. Essays are tailor-made for the students who pay the "brains." Therefore, according to the "brains," submitting those essays is not a form of plagiarism. The "brains" feel that payment for their services of writing the papers can be easily compared to the President's speech writers. The speech writer creates the perfect speech for the President, who in turn reads it to the country as his own words. The speech writers are paid for their services. In the loosest sense of the word, plagiarism is the passing off of one's work or ideas as your own. A...