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Classification Of Organism Essay

933 words - 4 pages

Why do humans tend to keep things in check? It is because it would be easier to move around and navigate our belongings, everyone does it, and it is like a system to us.
In biology, the method to keep track and record organism in an organized method, this method is called as taxonomy. An 18th century biologist Linnaeus created and improved this concept and created the binomial nomenclature. The Linnaean binomial system of classifying animals brought organization from chaos Even to this day, the international congress of zoologist has created rules in naming organisms, the rules include:

• Names must be in Latin and printed in italics, like most italics, they must be underlined when written ...view middle of the document...

The other old classification system was to view the 5 groups
• Domestic animal
• Wild animal
• Creeping animal
• Flying animal
• Marine animal
HISTORY
The Greek philosopher, Aristotle also created an organized system which included 2 groups, plants and animals, he divided the animals into groups of blood and bloodless animals, which would later also include how they would move, which would include moving, flying and swimming. His system was used in the 1600s, in some cases, it showed flaws, his system mostly viewed at behavior than similarities and the difference of the form. The 18th century Swedish scientist named Carolus Linnaeus grouped the animals and plants to the resemblances of the organism. The system he used split living organism into two kingdoms, there are plants and animal Kingdom, than there was another smaller group, which was named Genera, plural for genus. Then he continued to split the genera (genus) into groups called species. He also created a system of naming organism, which was titled binomial, which meant two names and nomenclature, which meant system of naming, it gave each organism 2 names. Which are the genus and species name. The classification created by Carolus Linnaeus is still being used to this day, but instead they have 5-classification kingdom system, rather than 2. The binomial nomenclature system created by Carolus Linnaeus has every organism given 2 parts scientific names. An organism can have more than 1 name, but it can only have 1 scientific name. An example would be an antelope or a prong-horned, they are common names, but their scientific name would be Antilocapra americana (Ord). They’re also other system, such as by Haeckel (1866), which has 3 Kingdoms, which are animalia, plantaea and protist. By Chatton (1925) created 2...

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