Clean Drinking Water Reduces Death Rates In Developing Countries

2186 words - 9 pages

The diseases spread by impure drinking water kill more people each year than Malaria and HIV/Aids combined. Experts estimate that more than five thousand children die every day in Africa due to diseases spread by contaminated drinking water. In the year 2013, more than thirty-four thousand people died of diarrhea related illnesses spread by dirty water (CBS 1).

Dysentery, one of the many diseases that can come from dirty water, is a disorder of the lower intestine. A few common symptoms of dysentery include: bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fever, and rectal discomfort. Dysentery is usually spread through personal contact and contaminated food and water. Dysentery can quickly develop immunity to anti-biotics that can be prescribed to get rid of the illness. The only ways to prevent Dysentery are by improving good individual, domestic, and environmental sanitation. Sanitation improvements can be made by washing hands with soap and drinking clean water (Cyber 1).

Another major disease caused by drinking contaminated water and bad sanitation habits is Cholera. Cholera is a disease of the small intestine. Common symptoms of Cholera are: dry mouth, dry skin, lethargy, dehydration, rapid pulse, sunken eyes, severe diarrhea, and unusual tiredness (AAHC 1). The biggest recorded outbreak of Cholera in the past twenty years was in Zimbabwe in 2008, killing more than four thousand people. The Cholera outbreak in Zimbabwe was due to the overflow of sewers during their rainy season. Cholera kills on average 1.5 million children every year. The children are dying from dehydration, weakened immune systems, and malnutrition (All Africa 1).

Thirty percent of all deaths and eight percent of all disease in developing countries are linked to contaminated water. In developing countries, over four million children die each year from diarrhea related illnesses caused from drinking dirty water. Due to the consumption of contaminated drinking water, many people suffer repeated cases of illnesses that can stunt their growth and prevent many from going to school to get a proper education (Southwestern 1).

Experts estimate that more than five thousand children die every day and more than 1,825,000 children die each year in Africa from the diseases they get from drinking contaminated water. The harshest conditions in Africa are in the sub-Saharan regions (CBS 2). Approximately forty-two percent of the sub-Saharan population does not have access to clean water and sixty-four percent of the sub-Saharan population does not have access to proper sanitation. The number of deaths caused by diarrhea related illnesses in the sub-Saharan regions is greater than in any other region in Africa (Bonzongo 1).

The biggest contributors to water pollution in Africa are the mining organizations and farmers. The mining organizations are dumping their waste into rivers and lakes while little is being done to prevent it. Farmers are asked to not plant...

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