This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Cleaning Up After The Exxon Valdez Was A Mistake

1363 words - 5 pages

Cleaning Up after the Exxon Valdez Was A Mistake Through many hours of research I have determined that the spill cleaning techniques used to clean the Prince William Sound area of Alaska did more harm than leaving the oil where it was. The Alaskan oil spill has become the most studied and managed event of its kind. Although there is not much that can be done about the marine life that came into direct contact with the crude oil, the geologic effects that the oil introduced into the area should have been left to nature to repair. To understand the effects of the oil to the area, it is best that you know a little bit about the oil itself.There are many types of crude oil, but in general they contain hundreds, even thousands of different compounds. Some are straight-chain hydrocarbons with carbon numbers ranging from 4 or 5 to 35 or more. Other hydrocarbons have branched chains with a wide range of carbon numbers. Aromatic compounds such as benzene, toluene, and polynuclear hydrocarbons are substantially present. Other constituents include waxes and complex, high molecular weight asphaltenes. (Abelson) All of these substances and more are present in Prudhoe Bay crude oil. When ingested, most of the compounds are nontoxic. Notable exceptions are some of the aromatic compounds, including benzene and toluene.After a crude oil is spilled in a marine environment, many processes follow.Typical crude has a density of about 0.85, more or less, and this factor combined with winds, wave action, and currents leads to spreading, which is very rapid during the first 24 hours. During that period most of the components having boiling points below 200[deg.]C volatilize. As a result some of the toxic chemicals such as benzene are removed. (The composition of the floating mixture is further changed immediately and later by photooxidation, biodegradation, dispersion, and dissolution. About a day after the spill, depending on temperature and wave action, an emulsification of oil and sea water occurs, leading to formation of a highly viscous material that contains about 70% water. This material is very sticky, and it adheres to almost all objects that it encounters, including birds and sea otters. Abelson) There has been one report of a minor fish kill in Prince William Sound. Observations at other oil spills indicate that dispersed oil is not toxic to zooplankton when ingested. It is eliminated in the feces. In general, oil chemicals are not concentrated in the food chain.There are many ways that nature fights oil in the environment, when it gets put where its not suppose to be. After all crude oil is a natural part of our environment. In one study designed to simulate the effects of waves and tides, contact with seawater gave the black, sticky oil "the fluffy appearance of a flocculated emulsion" that no longer strongly adheres well to sediment, Bragg reports. Seawater made up about 80 percent of these cloud-like aggregates. The rest consisted largely of...

Find Another Essay On Cleaning up after the exxon valdez was a mistake

The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: News Media Fantasy versus Reality

3559 words - 14 pages for Alaska were largely ignored by the media after the Exxon Valdez spill. The Role of Science and Emotion in the Wake of the Exxon Valdez: Environmental disasters directly affect people’s emotions. As the news media confounds the public with constant portraits of “oiled sea otters, dead birds, idled fishing boats, and futile cleaning activities” (Birkland, 1998). John Wiens study (1996) noted that the magnitude and emotional

Exxon Valdez and the Recovery of Prince William Sound

2098 words - 8 pages areas for a few years, then returned after the oil was removed. Others, such as the sea otters, increased production of young to bring populations back to prespill conditions. Resilience is the ability of an ecosystem to recover following some level of disturbance. Obviously, the ecosystem affected by the Exxon Valdez oil spill is highly resilient. However, the ecosystem of Prince William Sound should not serve as a model of the ability of

The Exxon Valdez Disaster: an analysis of the company's response and the repercussions of those responses

1230 words - 5 pages 1. What was the basis for the crisis?The basis for the crisis was that Exxon really didn't have an emergency plan for a spill that near to shore. They were more concerned with losing tankers at sea."The company must do well solving the actual problem - in this case, cleaning up 10 million gallons of spilled oil. And the company must create a positive perception of how the problem is handled." (Elliott, 1989)2. Were there any policy decisions

Impressions of the Play Titled Cleaning Up

2805 words - 11 pages play. She was shown being thrown to the ground and having her bag searched as she was entering the 'east' side. We later found out that had come from the 'west' side after the death of her daughter. Carla seemed to be a strong and composed character and very rarely let the loss of her daughter get to her. She showed she was determined, as many who were greeted as rudely as she was by Mclean would have given up with him

Why the Creation of the Articles of Confederation was a Mistake

712 words - 3 pages Minister Diego de Gardoqui "strongly insists on our relinquishing [our right to navigate the Mississippi]" (document F). The government was unable to fight against its offenders because of the lack of money and support, so countries began to push and pull, trying to have their own way. And there was nothing we, the Americans, could do about it.Those Americans, however, who were for the Articles of Confederation had fairly decent arguments. Giving up

Which Is The Best Alternative Energy For Cleaning Up Pollution?

1082 words - 4 pages Which Is The Best Alternative Energy For Cleaning Up Pollution? Pollution around the word in these few years has become more serious and critical. Different personal and commercial activities like driving, cooking, watching TV, mining, forestry and manufacturing have severely damaged the ecosystem and environment has. There are different types of pollution happening on earth. They include air pollution, light pollution, noise pollution and

A Fatal Mistake the Vietnam War

2795 words - 11 pages , the U.S. would end up doing much more than just advising. The Vietnam War was supposed to be a demonstration of how willing the U.S. was to battle communism, but ended up a personal vendetta against the North Vietnamese as the U.S. escalated its commitment in Vietnam infinitely greater than it had ever intended. After World War II, France returned to Vietnam to reclaim their Indochinese colonies after the Ho Chi Minh had declared Vietnamese

A fatal mistake the vietnam wa

2832 words - 11 pages , the U.S. would end up doing much more than just advising. The Vietnam War was supposed to be a demonstration of how willing the U.S. was to battle communism, but ended up a personal vendetta against the North Vietnamese as the U.S. escalated its commitment in Vietnam infinitely greater than it had ever intended. After World War II, France returned to Vietnam to reclaim their Indochinese colonies after the Ho Chi Minh had declared Vietnamese

Moby Slick: A Case Study Analysis of the Exxon

2298 words - 9 pages outcry over the events, the environmental consequences, and the legal fallout. Rawl's first move in dealing with the catastrophe was to issue apology ads in newspapers across the country. Rawl's next move was visiting the site of the spill; almost a full three weeks after the Exxon Valdez ran upon the reef. The public view on visiting so late in the game was callous and right fully so. Imagine the uproar that would result if President Bush did not

Exxon Mobile - A financial look from the corporate side

1280 words - 5 pages informal forum for the five major oil companies to explain there profits. The nation wanted and needed to know that this was not part of a big conspiracy plan. The oil companies simply stated that oil is a commodity and commodities go up and down. This just happens to be the up side of the market.Most democrats were not satisfied with the replies from the oil companies. The oil companies held steady to the fact of the profits were not intentional. The

What the Hell was Heller up too?

778 words - 4 pages What the Hell was Heller up too? Joseph Heller, a popular American satirical novelist wrote the book Catch 22 to “poke” some fun at the American government and military. After reading the novel I found that Heller like to use a lot of hidden satire which led to the class discussion “what the hell was Heller up too?” After going and researching the names of several of the characters in Joseph’s book we found that they all had a meaning to

Similar Essays

The Exxon Valdez Essay

1012 words - 4 pages It was early morning March 24, 1989, an oil tanker the Exxon Valdez was en route from the Valdez oil terminal through Prince William Sound. The captain, Joseph Hazelwood radioed in to say he was changing course. He did this in order to avoid small icebergs. He received permission to move to the northbound lane.Now the Captain had been prior known to have had a drinking problem. He told his third mate Gregory Cousins, to begin steering, while he

The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Essay

680 words - 3 pages Oil spills can be horrible. They pollute the ocean and land, killing many animals. A few years a go a ship called the Exxon Valdez had an oil spill. It has done a lot of damage to the environment and we are still cleaning up after it.The Exxon Valdez oil spill happened for a number of reasons. Many safety precautions weren't being followed. The Captain was tired because of working too hard, and was possibly drunk. There wasn't a proper

Was I A Mistake? Essay

963 words - 4 pages scared. She wished she had waited longer to take that next step. When doing an interview with the same teenager after she had given birth, she said she was still scared about the future but now she has someone to fight for. Yes teen pregnancy is condoned as something bad but like any bad situation we are taught to make the best out of it. So the next time you see a teen mom either pregnant or with her child, take a minute to talk to her and see

This Essay Is On The Exxon Valdez Incident

1236 words - 5 pages the effect that it would and did have on the environment, another was why it had happened, and a third was what kind of impact it would do to the future of the oil industry and after effects.The Exxon Valdez grounded in Prince William Sound, Alaska. The captain of the Exxon Valdez had had a history of substance abuse problems and was allegedly drunk while commanding the tanker. When the tanker hit the land, a large amount of oil spilled out into