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Cleft Lip And Cleft Palate Essay

1002 words - 4 pages

According to (CDC, 2014) around one in each 33 babies is born with a birth defect. It was newly projected that each year 2, 651 babies in the U.S are born with a cleft palate and 4,437 babies are born with a cleft lip with or without a cleft palate. Cleft lip is more known than cleft palate. Though having a baby born with cleft lip and palate can be heart breaking it can be improved. Cleft lip and cleft palate are undeveloped splits in the upper lip, the roof of the mouth or both. It happens when growing facial structures in an unborn does not close completely. Cleft is among the most common birth defects. Both these birth defects are usually called "orofacial clefts" orofacial clefts happen during early pregnancy (CDC, 2013).The lip of a baby starts to form between the fourth and seventh week of pregnancy. A baby is born with a cleft lip if the tissue that makes up the lip doesn't completely come together before the child is born. This effects the split in the upper lip. It could be small or it can be large which goes through the lip to the nose. Cleft lip can occur in either side or the middle which is uncommon. Children who have cleft lip can also be born with cleft palate. The roof of the mouth is known as the "palate" the palate starts to form between the sixth and the ninth week during pregnancy. Same as the lip, a cleft palate can form if the tissue that makes up the roof of the mouth don't come together correctly. On some babies the front and back of their palate is cleft, others only part of the palate is open (CDC, 2013).As stated by (Seikel, King, Drumright, 2010) cleft lip appears to be the outcome to failure of embryonic facial and labial tissue to fuse during growth. Seemingly tissues travel and develop normally but for other reasons they either fail to fuse or the fusion of the traveling medical nasal, maxillary, and lateral nasal procedures breaks down. Cleft palate certainly rises from some automated intervention in development. Before the seventh embryonic week the palatine procedures of the maxillae been relaxing besides the tongue so that the tongue detaches the procedures. As the oral cavity and mandible mature the tongue drops away from the procedures, and the procedures can lengthen, make midline connection, and fuse (Seikel, King, Drumright, 296).The causes of Cleft lip and palate are unidentified, but doctors believe it could be a mixture of genes and environmental aspects such as the mother's diet, or medication use (CDC, 2013). Kids Health (2011) points out that a mother's exposure to some chemicals and cause cleft as well as mothers not taking in the right nutrients during her pregnancy. Smoking, use of drugs and alcohol are huge risk factor for having a child with cleft than a mother who doesn't involve herself in these things. Binge drinking is when you have five or more drinks in one occasion. Research shows that mothers who binge drink while pregnant have a higher risk of having a baby...

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