Cleopatra Essay

903 words - 4 pages

Cleopatra Many countries have had important rulers who were well-known throughout the world. One country whose leaders particularly stand out is Egypt. The leaders of ancient Egypt were extremely essential in history. Cleopatra was a key example of these significant rulers of Egypt. The Egyptian queen Cleopatra VII was an extraordinary woman who used her knowledge and ambition to fulfill Egypt's political goals. Cleopatra VII, more commonly known as Cleopatra, was born to Ptolemy XII and his sister Cleopatra Tryphaina in 69 B.C. (Nardo 9). Although she lacked beauty, Cleopatra was regarded as a fascinating woman who was known for her intelligence and charm. Egyptian coins picture her with "a countenance alive rather than beautiful, with a sensitive mouth, firm chin liquid eyes, broad forehead, and prominent nose" ("Cleopatra VII" 377). After her father's death in 51 B.C., Cleopatra became queen. She ruled Egypt with her eldest brother and husband Ptolemy XIII. Marriage between siblings was a "common practice" in ancient Egyptian royal families (Sinnigen 662). She was the last ruler of the dynasty established by Ptolemy I. Cleopatra was of Macedonian descent but took it upon herself to learn the Egyptian language and referred to herself as the daughter of the sun god ("Cleopatra VII" 377). Her capital was Alexandria, discovered by Alexander the Great, and was an excellent center of Hellenistic Greek culture and commercial activity (Krapp 615). Three years after Cleopatra gained rule over Egypt she was driven into exile by the supporters of her brother Ptolemy XIII ("Cleopatra" 489). Caesar arrived in Egypt in search of his rival Pompey. A civil war occurred between the two Roman men. Cleopatra soon realized the need to cooperate with Rome to gain beneficial aid in regaining her throne (Nardo 24). After a long power conflict, Caesar defeated his opponent Pompey in a major battle. When Cleopatra discovered that Caesar was in her capital, she had one of her attendants take her to him rolled up in a rug and offered as a gift (Krapp 615). Caesar was overcome by Cleopatra's charm, and the two quickly became lovers. She was twenty-one, and he was fifty-two at the time. Cleopatra and Caesar both intended to use one another. Caesar needed money to pay for his campaigns and claimed that Cleopatra owed it to him " for the expenses of her father's restoration" ("Cleopatra VII" 377). Cleopatra sought power and wanted to restore the glories of the first Ptolemie's dominions. Caesar later demanded that Cleopatra marry her younger brother Ptolemy XIV and rule Egypt with him (Nardo 29). Cleopatra gave birth to Caesar's son, Caesarion in 47 B.C. Throughout Cleopatra's marriage with Ptolemy IV, she lived...

Find Another Essay On Cleopatra

Cleopatra Essay

1498 words - 6 pages In the 304 BCE, Cleopatra's ancestor, Ptolemy I founded the dynasty of the Ptolemies. He was a Macedonian, one of the diadochoi, or successors of Alexander the Great, and had been a general in his army. Six princesses before her were called Cleopatra. The most famous is Cleopatra VII, the last Pharaoh of Egypt. She came to power at age 15, married to her brother, Ptolemy XIII, also pharaoh. Cleopatra's great grandmother was the daughter of one

Cleopatra Essay

536 words - 3 pages Over the years Hollywood has portrayed Cleopatra as a beautiful temptress and mainly focused on her famous love affairs with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. The fact is she was not that good looking but was a highly intelligent woman who used her amazing persuasive powers to try and prevent Egypt being taken over by the Romans.It is an oxymoron to say that queen Cleopatra was the last pharaoh of Egypt, because she was not an Egyptian. She was a

Antony & Cleopatra

1391 words - 6 pages The Coexistence of Love and Politics in Antony and CleopatraWilliam Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra is a play which features a variety of key themes. Some of these themes include loyalty, honor, manhood, and flux. These four themes play major parts in Antony and Cleopatra, giving the play a very unique twist. Although these themes contribute greatly to the context of the play, the two most influential themes in Antony and Cleopatra are

Cleopatra VII

1082 words - 4 pages Cleopatra VIIPtolemy the XII had always felt that Rome's well organized army was much too powerful for Egypt's forces. Ptolemy had wisely thought to avoid fighting with Rome's powerful army and presented Pompey and Caesar with riches as well as the Roman promise of the Egyptian throne. Ptolemy had to borrow the money from Roman businessmen to pay Caesar and Pompey. When Ptolemy died he left the debt and the throne in the hands of his son and

Unraveling Cleopatra

2757 words - 11 pages Unraveling Cleopatra "She took a small boat, and one only of her confidants, Apollodorus, the Sicilian, along with her, and in the dusk of the evening landed near the palace. She was at a loss how to get in undiscovered, till she thought of putting herself into the coverlet of a bed and lying at length, whilst Apollodorus tied up the bedding and carried it on his back through the gates to Caesar's apartment. Caesar was first captivated by

Cleopatra Biography

2010 words - 8 pages Cleopatra’s Wiles Mother, lover, warrior, femme-fatale. Mother of a country, lover of all that brings beauty, warrior of the state, femme-fatale over all men; this was Cleopatra Queen of the Nile. Cleopatra’s intelligence, wit and beauty are still remembered and written about to this day. Born a Greek, Cleopatra adapted to the Egyptian ways and even learnt their native tongue, a feat which had not been ccomplished since the Ptolemies had first

Cleopatra VII

686 words - 3 pages Cleopatra VIICleopatra VII became the pharaoh of Egypt when she was about seventeen or eighteen because her father, Ptolemy Auletes, died about 51 B.C. She was born on 69 B.C. in Alexandria, which was the capital of Egypt at that time. She had one older sister, one younger sister, and two younger brothers. Cleopatra VII and her brother Ptolemy XIII took the throne. Cleopatra was not so beautiful as described today. She had long hooked big

Cleopatra Essay

1826 words - 7 pages independent and influential leader for Egypt. In doing this, she went to many great lengths to obtain and retain sources of power. Alongside this vaulting ambition and vision, Cleopatra wanted Egypt to become a strong nation in order to demonstrate her capabilities and control. She used events such as her banishment to Syria, alliance with Julius Caesar and her relationship with Mark Antony, all to advance in her political status. Alexandria was a

Cleopatra 7th

2001 words - 8 pages Over the past two thousand years there have been many women in history that have captivated our minds through their life story, but none can compare with Cleopatra the Seventh, who still intrigues and fascinates us today. Arguably the most famous queen in history, she was not only charming and beautiful, but also a powerful political woman that masterfully utilized her skill to rule Egypt. She possessed an ability to sway the mind of leaders to

Michelangelo's Cleopatra

845 words - 4 pages The Woman Behind Cleopatra, by William E. Wallace, is an article about Michelangelo’s famous Cleopatra drawing. The article also looks at the drawing on the reverse side that is called grotesque by many; why the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston included it in an exhibition of the masters, and Michelangelo’s relationship with Tommaso de’ Cavalieri. Wallace is a Professor of Art History at Washington University in Saint Louis and the author of the

Anthony Cleopatra

762 words - 3 pages Act 1:1. How appropriate an introduction to the play do you find this scene.The opening scene is a perfect introduction into the play, its a gateway to the rest of the book and it contains almost all the main themes. The play opens with a crisis . Anthony is already infatuated with Cleopatra and he is neglecting his duties in Rome. Although the scene is relatively short it contains most of the major plots and sub-plots. The most

Similar Essays

Cleopatra Essay

878 words - 4 pages Cleopatra      Many countries have had important rulers who were well-known throughout the world. One country whose leaders particularly stand out is Egypt. The leaders of ancient Egypt were extremely essential in history. Cleopatra was a key example of these significant rulers of Egypt. The Egyptian queen Cleopatra VII was an extraordinary woman who used her knowledge and ambition to fulfill Egypt’s political goals

Cleopatra Essay

1039 words - 5 pages Cleopatra VII was the last ruler of Egypt, reigning from 51-30 BC, she ruled first with her two younger brothers and then with her son. Early reign. Cleopatra’s family had been ruling Egypt for centuries (Bragg and O'Malley 20). She was 18 years old when she became Queen of Egypt in the year 51 BC (Stanley and Vennema 6). Following custom, she got married to her ten-year-old brother, Ptolemy XIII (Blackaby 13). Cleopatra and Ptolemy

Cleopatra Essay

952 words - 4 pages Significant Woman: Cleopatra 	I chose to write my "Significant Woman" paper on Egypt’s last pharaoh, Cleopatra. When I began my report, I knew very little about Cleopatra, except that she was the mistress of both Julius Caesar and Mark Antony of Rome. I wondered what impacts on history Cleopatra made on her own. 	I feel that Cleopatra was a very significant woman in history because she was very aggressive and

Cleopatra Essay 2869 Words

2869 words - 12 pages The most famous is Cleopatra VII, the last Pharaoh of Egypt. She came to power at age 15, married to her brother, Ptolemy XIII, also pharaoh. The two began a civil war in 48 B.C. With the aid of the Roman leader Julius Caesar, Cleopatra defeated her brother and kept the throne, this time sharing it with another brother, Ptolemy XIV, to whom she was not married. She went with Caesar to Rome and had a child soon after, naming it Caesarion. After