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Cleveland Museum Of Art – Breuer Building

953 words - 4 pages

Finished in 1971, the addition to the Cleveland Museum of Art, designed by Marcel Breuer, adds several different programmatic spaces to the museum. The Expansion added the new north entrance, lobby space, classrooms, lecture halls, an auditorium and additional gallery space (Dodd, Mead, and Company 80). The Breuer wing of the museum was done in the Bauhaus style of architecture. The Bauhaus according to Burton Wasserman was more than just clean-cut modern design; it was a place where more powerful ideas and creative action were vigorously generated by talented and lively people (Wasserman). Breuer worked in the Bauhaus style for most of his architecture career.
Marcel Breuer, born in the ...view middle of the document...

The strong horizontality of the expansion, contrasts against the classical verticality of the original 1916 building (Marcel Breuer Associates 74). The rectilinear forms join together the styles of the two buildings. The original building has a classic stone façade; Breuer added granite in a stepped pattern to the new portion. Dodd, Mead, and Company talks about the natural feel of materials in their book about Marcel Breuer. In the book they state that; “the visual imperfect texture, the slight variations of a natural texture next to color – all this gives a certain physical sense to form and to space, to the exterior and to the interior” (Dodd, Mead, and Company 80). Breuer added a natural stone to the façade, leaving its natural aesthetic to shine. The design of this building showed that simplicity shines just as much of extravagant ornamentation.
Marcel Breuer started practicing architecture at the age of eighteen. Throughout his life Breuer encountered many people. Learning under Walter Gropius at the Bauhaus was his first inspiration. After his schooling Breuer went on to work at a private practice in Berlin Germany. In 1932, he moved to England where he worked in partnership with Josef Albers, Wassily Kandinsky, and Paul Klee at F.R.S Yorke (Marcel Breuer Associates 6). Breuer experienced a large amount of influence in the first ten years of his career. After moving to the United States, Breuer was able to observe and study the well-known American architects such as Frank Lloyd Wright, Louis Sullivan and Peter Behrens. Breuer was able to gain knowledge and influence from all of these architects, it is difficult to pin point exactly where his influence for the design came from.
Marcel Breuer designed many buildings throughout his career. He followed the Bauhaus style throughout most of it. His first design...

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