"In my view, climate change is the most severe problem that we are facing today-more serious even than the threat of terrorism." (King, 2004) were the wise words of Chief Scientific Advisor to the United Kingdom Government. For decades two major topics have been discussed from scholars to mere regular individuals. Rich people, the less fortunate, people from Canada or people from the Middle East, these two topics affect everyone. Those two topics are: climate change and tourism. Climate change can be defined as “A change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.” (Oxford Dictionaries, 2014), and tourism defined as “The commercial organization and operation of holidays and visits to places of interest: a national fund for the promotion of tourism” (Oxford Dictionaries, 2014). How both climate change and tourism interact with each other is important and very crucial. Tourism is dependent on climate and tourism can deeply effect climate change. Thus, creating the an everlasting circle. This essay will take a look at specific examples of climate change effecting tourism.
The Swiss Alps
The first example of how climate change and tourism are deeply linked can be exemplified with the Swiss Alps. The Swiss economy is highly dependent on tourism Switzerland’s winter tourism has become a large part of how many individuals work and how the nation sustains their economy. Over 300 000 full time jobs are directly related to their tourism. The Swiss Alps have struggled with the ability to keep the conditions viable for tourists and businesses to both find satisfaction. Climate change and general warming during the winters in Switzerland has caused the snow to melt. The melting of the snow means no skiing, unless of course, importation of snow occurs which is costly and not efficient. If climate does not begin to change the Alps are at risk of not being viable for skiing and thousands loose their jobs. The 1987/88 to 1989/90 winters were generally to warm for successful operation of ski resorts. This not only is a large concern when looking at the environment but also with the demand of skiing. Their has been a general drop in demand for skiing in Switzerland starting in 1984 because of climate change (Koenig & Abegg, 1997). The general conclusion has come about when trying to resolve this problem. Like for mentioned creating snow is costly, and moving skiing to higher altitudes has a limited geographical possibility. Climate change is shown here as directly damaging tourism because with the increasingly warmer winters caused by climate change and global warming it has slowly started to destroy the ability for tourism in the Swiss Alps.
Bonaire and Barbados
The second example of how climate change impact tourism can be directly looked upon in the island...