Indonesia is already experiencing the effects of climate change. The direction of climate change varies among regions, since Indonesia is an archipelagic country which consists of about 17,000 islands according to National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN) in 2002. With vast coastline, high susceptibility to natural disaster, and high vulnerable agricultural production systems, Indonesia is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change hazards in the world. The rising sea level, changes in precipitation and extreme climate events are a major issue. Adaptation to climate change is necessary in order to address the climate change impacts. The Government of Indonesia (GOI) has ...view middle of the document...
The GOI recognizes that tackling climate change mitigation and adaptation actions should be taken in systematic and integrated manner. The Law No. 32 of 2009 on environmental protection and management also stipulated the need for strategic environmental assessment on the issue of climate change. Some policy initiatives on mitigation and adaptation were undertaken by related ministries, including:
1) National Action Plan on Climate Change (RAN-PI) was prepared by the MoE in November 2007, which contains the initial guidance and multi-sectoral coordination effort to address mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
2) National Development Planning: Indonesia Responses to Climate Change was prepared by National Development Planning Board (BAPPENAS) in December 2007 and was revised in July 2008. The document is intended to strengthen and reinforce the RPJMN (National Medium-Term Development Plan) 2004-2009 as well as to include inputs for the preparation of RPJMN 2010-2014 in the context of integrating climate change.
3) Establishment of National Council on Climate Change (DNPI) was initiated through the Presidential Regulation No. 46 of 2008. The DNPI has the main responsibility to handle all matters in terms of external negotiation with international communities as well as government sectors and to implement program at the community level.
4) Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund (ICCTF) was launched in September 2009 as a follow up action after the Conference of the Parties (CoP) UNFCCC held in Bali in 2007. It was developed as a non-departmental government institution to deal with an innovative funding mechanism to address global climate change.
5) Indonesia Climate Change Sectoral Roadmap (ICCSR) was published by BAPPENAS in March 2010. It consists of nine sectoral strategies, namely forestry, energy, industry, transportation, waste, agriculture, marine and fisheries, water resources, and health, to deal with climate change challenge until 2030. The two major focuses of ICCSR are mitigation and adaptation.
6) National Action Plan on GHG Reduction, which was described on the Presidential Decree No. 61/2011, was approved in September 2011. This regulation serves as a guide for planning,...