Climate Change And Air Pollution In Australia

1215 words - 5 pages

Climate Change and Air Pollution in Australia

Air Pollution

Fortunately for Alice Springs and much of the Northern Territory, its remote location and low population density mean that the city is not a large source of air pollution. In fact, in a report issued by the Northern Territory Minister of Infrastructure, Planning, and Environment, it is said that while doing testing for the National Environmental Protection Measure the government only tested for particulate matter in Alice Springs, instead of the whole slate of air pollutants, which would have included Carbon Monoxide, Ozone, Sulfur Dioxide, and Nitrogen Dioxide. These other pollutants were not a concern, because of the location and low population density of Alice Springs. While testing for particulate matter, the study found only two days over the entire year where particulate matter levels exceeded the National Environmental Protection Measure standards. This was attributed to bushfires and households burning wood for heat in the winter. Although this particular study did not test for them, Alice Springs does produce significant amounts of greenhouse gases. In June 2006, the Alice Springs Town Council issued the Local Action Plan to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions, in which they explain how much CO2 the town emitted in 1996, and exactly where the emissions came from. In 1996, the city was responsible for 325,370 tonnes of CO2 emissions. Electricity is responsible for the majority of the emissions, while fossil fuels and waste account for the rest. The Town Council’s plan to reduce these emissions hopes to cut them to 80% of 1996 levels by 2010. They plan to focus on reducing electricity consumption. Within buildings managed by the city council, they will do this by trying to maximize natural lighting, purchasing LCD screens and compact fluorescent light bulbs, and by conducting energy audits on the buildings. The city council is also looking into ways to change there street lighting so as to save energy. They might invest in more efficient bulbs, and possibly start using solar power to light them. The council plans to purchase more fuel efficient cars for its employees and to encourage them to carpool and walk. All of these plans will make the city council itself more green, but they also have plans to make individual households within the city greener. They want to educate citizens about greenhouse gases and how to reduce their carbon footprints by taking small steps. They would like to set up a fund to help subsidize expensive but green technology, such as solar panels for households. The council would like to make public transport and bike riding more appealing by providing more extensive bus routes and bike trails. To cut down on the town’s waste, the city council wants to implement more extensive recycling and encourage households to compost their waste. Alice Springs was named one of Australia’s “Solar Cities” in a national...

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