This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Climate Change In India Essay

1330 words - 5 pages

Information regarding India ’s climate dates back for thousands of years. The reason for this is that India was once ruled by the empire of Alexander the Great in 300 B.C. Alexander’s empire was one of the first western civilizations to keep environmental and meteorological records in writing. Thus, from just about the western world’s beginning, India ’s environmental records have existed in writing.

However, although no written documents regarding India’s weather and climate exist prior to Alexander’s era, we can assume certain climatic conditions and changes prior to 300 B.C. due to the known history of native civilizations that previously existed. Between the years 2500 and 1700 B.C., the Indus valley in the northwest portion of today’s India fostered homes for great civilizations. Around the cities of Harappa and Mohenjodaro large civilizations flourished. In order to understand why such great civilizations existed in the Indus valley during this period, it is essential to understand the climatic conditions that existed there at the time and whether or not the fall of these civilizations correlated with any climatic changes. When examined closely, it is quite evident that the Indus valley was home to great civilizations between 2500 and 1700 B.C. directly as a result of the abundance of water in the region. Furthermore, the decline of these civilizations and the absence of any such great civilizations existing shortly thereafter is a direct result of the continual lessening amounts of water for the millennium to follow.

Between 2500 and 1700 B.C., the Indus valley had an annual rainfall of 400 to 800 mm. This annual rainfall was the ideal amount of water needed for this specific region to harbor great civilizations. Prior to 2500 B.C., the Indus valley was home to massive flooding periods that existed for up to a century at a time. This period, between 3500 B.C. and 3000 B.C. was known as the ‘sub-Boreal’ climatic period. (Lamb, pg. 130). It can be concluded, therefore, that the rise of the Indus valley civilizations around 2500 B.C. was a result of ideal agricultural conditions left behind from a century to century cyclical flood period. Naturally, this flooding cycle did not continue past 2500 B.C. because it would have destroyed agriculture for these civilizations for as long as the floods lasted, which could have been as much as a century at a time.

Ironically, whereas the development of great civilizations was hindered from an abundance of water prior to 2500 B.C., the decline of the Indus valley’s civilizations after 1700 B.C., was due to a lack of water. After 1900 B.C., the Indus valley entered a period of extended drought, bringing the Indus valley civilizations to their demise. From the climatic information that we have, it seems as if this drought continued for over 1,000 years.

As future civilizations conquered this area, it has been concluded from remaining documentation that the Indus valley never again hosted...

Find Another Essay On Climate Change in India

The Effects of CO2 in Climate Change

1897 words - 8 pages When discussing the topic of climate change, it is essential to begin with a brief definition of climate change to know exactly what it is. Anup Shah of globalissues.org defines climate change as “an increase in average global temperatures…caused by the increase in greenhouse gasses such as Carbon Dioxide, or CO2” (Shah, 2014). This process, of course, is global warming which, in turn, leads to climate change. Although climate change is

Effect of Food Security in Climate Change

1342 words - 5 pages food to feed a growing population while adapting to climate change, which is an increasing threat to agricultural yields.Food security is among the key issues involving climate change impacts and research suggests the issue is only getting worse. Richard Choularton from the World Food Program stated that, “what is different now from 20 years ago is that far more people are living in places with a higher climate risk; 650 million people now live

"UNITED IN GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE" STRATEGY

1075 words - 5 pages BACKGROUND The main objective of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is to limit the global temperature below 2 degrees Celsius by 2020. In order to achieve this goal, the 1992 Kyoto Protocol committed developed countries to reduce GHG emissions; however little reductions have been achieved until the end of the first commitment period in 2012. In regard of this date, the Doha Amendment to the Tokyo Protocol was adopted to

Current Policies in Global Climate Change

1695 words - 7 pages A current ongoing debate is whether the topic of how some areas are hotter than they used to be and some colder than they use to be should be referred to as “global warming” or “global climate change”. I agree with the term “global climate change” since it seems that the earth is not only getting warmer, but also colder in some places (Schimel, David Steven et al). Global climate change is threatening life on earth, and needs to be stopped in

Air Pollution and Climate Change in Tanzania

1169 words - 5 pages Air Pollution and Climate Change in Tanzania In looking at how weather and climate effect Tanzanian society, it is important to emphasize how both increased air pollution and evidence of climate change are of growing concern to Tanzania’s future. A developing nation of roughly 38 million citizens invested in an economy primarily focused on agriculture, Tanzania is at this time unable to handle the growing issues it is facing as they relate

Food Production in Relation to Climate Change

1320 words - 5 pages Climate change is currently one of the greatest challenges facing our species. This case study report will examine issues related to food production in relation to climate change. In this regard, the focus will be on the Peace River Country, which is a parkland region that spans from northwestern Alberta to the Rocky Mountains in northeastern British Columbia and around the Peace River. As part of its examination, this report will explore the

Climate Change and Air Pollution in Australia

1215 words - 5 pages Climate Change and Air Pollution in Australia Air Pollution Fortunately for Alice Springs and much of the Northern Territory, its remote location and low population density mean that the city is not a large source of air pollution. In fact, in a report issued by the Northern Territory Minister of Infrastructure, Planning, and Environment, it is said that while doing testing for the National Environmental Protection

Climate Change: Turning Carbon Dioxide in Cement

1094 words - 5 pages Calera and crystallographer said, “For every ton of cement we make, we are sequestering half a ton of CO2. We probably have the best carbon capture and storage technique there is by a long shot.” CO2 Reduction and Climate Change Carbon Dioxide is the main contributor to greenhouse gases in the global climate change. CO2 is released from power plants and vehicles all over the world. Approximately 62 million cars are registered in the US alone

Environment and Climate Change in Panama

1670 words - 7 pages Environment and Climate Change in Panama Home to vast tropical rainforests, an immense variety of animal and plant species and the seaway that connects the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, Panama relies heavily on all these resources for its economy. However, environmental challenges threaten the sustainability of these assets and therefore create a significant problem for the country. This paper will

Anthropogenic Climate Change in the Himalayas

3098 words - 13 pages and proves that the increase in human activity, up to 25,000 people in 1999, has had an effect on the climate of Mt. Everest. (Stevens, 2003) Other evidence of environmental degradation due to human activity has shown increased water pollution and water scarcity as climate change uses its force against Mother Nature to create large-scale storms and droughts. In a study done by Current Science they observed an increase in rainfall on and near

Should politicians change policies in light of climate change

1824 words - 7 pages George Bush rejected the Kyoto agreement for the USA, stating that it was "fundamentally flawed" (http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/20 01/06/20010611-2.html) and does not entirely accept evidence that anthropogenic activity is causing climate change, "we do not know how much effect natural fluctuations in climate may have had on warming. We do not know how much our climate could, or will change in the future"(11/06/01). In developing and

Similar Essays

This House Believes India Should Slow Its Economic Growth To Help The World's Climate Should Developing Countries Mitigate Climate Change

2369 words - 9 pages world, India’s levels of emissions are still relatively small.India’s policy of refusing to accept emissions cuts is intended to benefit India and its people. In reality this policy stance does not favour India’s best interests, and is economically illogical and jeopardizes the future of India.Common but Differentiated ResponsibilityWhen addressing climate change, India’s Prime Minister Manmohan Singh emphasises the ‘

Climate Change In Peru Essay

1589 words - 6 pages Peru is a nation composed of heterogeneous ecosystems including the coastline of the Pacific Ocean, deserts, the Andes Mountains including the glacial regions, and the second largest portion of the Amazon Forest Basin (US AID, 2011). Its heterogeneity creates such a dire situation for Peru in terms of climate change and the effects it has on each individual system as well as the effects on wildlife and human occupants that live in these regions

Human Contribution In Climate Change Essay

977 words - 4 pages whilst other rain-bounty areas have begun to experience their first droughts. This phenomenon is known as climate change. Climatologists have concluded that human activity has played a major role in contributing to the changes, therefore requiring extreme measures before this phenomenon evolves into a catastrophe. In this essay, we will discuss human activities that contributed to climate change, as well as addressing possible solutions to the

Impact Of Change In India Essay

1489 words - 6 pages Hazare. Clad with plain white kurta-pajama, this tenacious soldier turned social reformer proved the world how to bring the winds of change and make an impact. The prefix “Mahatma” has been earned by him for his crusading efforts in reforming the system rusted by the corruption. For young India, The father of nation was limited to their textbooks. But, in the past few months, they witnessed what they were taught in schools. Before anti