Climate Change: View Of Developed Countries Vs Undeveloped Countries Advanced Science Essay

1085 words - 5 pages

Rising Giants Essay
A greenhouse gas (GHG) is a form of gas that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range [1]. Cumulative greenhouse gases create a Greenhouse effect, through trapping the sun’s warmth in the planet’s lower atmosphere and not allowing heat to escape. The main greenhouse gases that reside in the earth’s atmosphere consist of methane, water vapour, carbon dioxide, ozone and nitrous oxide. The majority of greenhouse Gases are generated from the combustion of fossil fuels like coal, natural gas and oil in order to create electricity and other forms of fuel, for human benefit. This creates an effect known as climate change which is a process that naturally occurs over millions of years. However, it has recently been discovered that humans are contributing to its acceleration and potential detrimental effects to the earth’s eco systems. Recently there has been suggestions that developing countries with large populations such as China and India should be expected to assume responsibility for their greenhouse gas emissions along with the wealthy countries. In order to bring about change for the future generations. This essay aims to outline the key factors and viewpoints surrounding the controversial topic of the rising giants.

POINT OF VIEW OF UNDEVELOPED COUNTRIES

From the Onset developed countries are at an advantage when compared to developing countries. Not only do industrialised countries have access to greater resources they also possess a stronger economy to be able to spend on technologies and research in order to restrict their greenhouse gas emissions. It has been argued that the developed countries caused major damage to the environment by facilities and methods that were used/constructed throughout the industrial revolution which spanned 80 years from 1760 to 1840. As such they should claim whole responsibility for the damage caused to today’s environment and delicate eco-systems. Questions have also been raised about how over populated and poor countries are going to make these changes without it significantly effecting their already reduced economy. Hypothetically if an undeveloped country did commit to spending millions if not billions a year at lowering its emissions it would create a ripple effect that would influence quality of life in a variety of factors such: as health care, Jobs, Mortality rate, and could have significant detrimental effects on the economy for said Country. For example, a country like Chad has a mortality rate of 138.5 per 1,000 births, an average life expectancy of 51 years old and has a literacy rate of only 40.2 percent. These results differentiate hugely when compared to an established country like Monaco which only has a mortality rate of 9 per 1,000 births, average life expectancy of 90 years old and has a literacy rate of 99%. These statistics suggest that developing countries cannot afford to be able to re-route money to lowing emissions when they...

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