Since March 1997, the birth of a cloned sheep, named Dolly, has caused a great sensation around the world. The reason why Dolly shocked the world was that she was the first clone from a cell of an adult mammal: something scientists thought to be impossible. The cloning of a mammal cell meant that the possibility of cloning a human beings was increased. For fear human cloning, a lot of countries have taken necessary measures to regulate the study of it. We should ban human cloning because it has the possibility to reduce the value of human life: taking away individuality in our society.
Richard Seed, a physicist who supports human cloning, said in a radio interview that he would open a clinic of human cloning for infertile people and make a big profit (Hotwired Japan). If human cloning were allowed there would be so many people just like Seed who would use cloning technology to make money. The business of operating the technology looks so profitable because there could be 100,000 or so women in the U.S. who would like a similar chance to use cloning to have their own babies. Probably, they do not care how much money they pay to have their own blood-related babies. Allowing human cloning creates a world where one could get life with money. Buying life reduce the value of it because we do not respect things which we can get easily. It could lead to the increase of murder. One day it might be possible that at a department
Saavedra Page 2
store we can buy life that is labeled, "ON SALE!"
In the simplest language, cloning is the process in which the DNA from some cell of a body is put by electrical shock into a female egg cell whose DNA has been removed. Then the egg cell is implanted into a womb, then it grows as same as a natural baby does. The problem is that there is absolutely no reason why the egg cell be implanted into the same woman who offers DNA. Hence, it might be connected with abuses, such as a black market of egg cells or a company offering surrogate mothers. Many women suffering from anatomical complications that prohibit successful childbearing might try to find a suitable surrogate mother. Also, those women who just do not like the discomforts of pregnancy might use cloning technology. In this point, human cloning is no longer developed for only infertile people but also for lazy women.
As explained, cloning needs the DNA of only one person. Dr. Ian Wilmut in Roslin Institute, where Dolly was produced, claims that we should use the word "copying" for reproduction of a human instead of "cloning". Human cloning would create duplication of humans, and the individuality of each person would be lost. Someone may oppose the idea saying that the environment in which a person grow largely contributes the formation of his personality, but his appearance would be completely the same as the original. Critics may contend that twins have the same appearance and are accepted as...