As the world has grown and developed, there has been more of a demand for newer and more efficient ways to solve world problems. Cloning has opened up doors and shined some light onto some optional ways of resolving various global issues. Cloned animals could be used to increase productivity in the manufacturing and sale of meat. Cloning could also improve our agriculture and help to preserve our animal population. Lastly, cloning could quite possibly serve a major purpose in the medical field. In spite of several doubts and risks, cloning is an innovative process that can produce a variety of overwhelming benefits that can better today’s and tomorrow’s future.
To many it may seem as if cloning has just recently been discovered but in reality cloning has been around for years. In the article “Clone and Cloning” from The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, it mentioned that for more than ten centuries human beings have toiled and altered with the reproduction of plants by using techniques such as the cutting of stems and grafting. A year that is significant in the field of cloning is the year 1958, this is when the practice of cloning was first brought into the modern day lab. John Gurdon was the first to participate in the actual process of cloning animal cells. So in a sense John Gudon is sort of like a pioneer or innovator in the cloning field. With the research from John Gurdon and his cloning technique, American
and Swiss scientists were able to partake in the cloning of mice. In doing this, it made the mouse the first ever recorded mammal to be cloned and result in success. A few years later and the cow was cloned in 1988. When it comes to cloning Dolly the sheep is a well know name in regards to animal cloning. Mostly everyone has heard or seen Dolly the sheep, whether it be on T.V. or in the Ripley’s Believe It or Not Museum. Dolly the sheep was the first ever animal to be cloned with the use of adult cells instead of cells that came from embryos. From the breakthrough of Dolly the sheep, scientists have since been able to clone several mammals that include the mouse and cow as mentioned before and now the goat as well. The usage of federal funds in regards to human cloning was outlawed by Bill Clinton in 1997. This action was supposed to only be temporary but lasted longer than promised. Shortly after Bill Clinton’s announcement of banning human cloning that’s funded with federal money, several European countries decided to ban the cloning of humans. The banning of human cloning begins to have a domino effect on other countries and this is best shown by Glenn McGee in which he displayed a table of chronological key events in his article,”Human Cloning”(938-942). The table explained that Japan and Great Britain soon began to take a stand and also ban human cloning but this time the banning of reproductive cloning(938-942). Japan’s ban took place in November of 2000 and Great Britain’s...