1.1 Identify the difference between Civil, Common and Criminal Law
In Civil Law a civil higher level of authority creates the law through a legislative process, using legal statues. They were written in anticipation of future disputes with penalties for failure to abide.
The Common Law system is developed through judgments that are made by judiciary decisions, setting precedents. Judges create these laws on a case by case basis.
Criminal Law is concerned with offences against society. In Criminal Law the burden of proof is that guilt must be shown beyond all reasonable doubt. While in Civil Law the burden of proof is that liability must be shown on the balance of probabilities.
1.2 State the main aims of the Private Security Industry Act
The Private Security Industry Act outlines a system for the statutory regulation of the private security industry. The Act is broken down into 26 Sections and two Schedules covering the SIA.
1.3 Identify the main functions of the SIA and other key bodies within the private security industry
SIA - The Security Industry Authority - Is the organisation set up to license the private security industry in the UK. It is an independent body that reports to the Home Secretary, under the terms of the Private Security Industry Act 2001. Their goal is to regulate the private security industry and to reduce criminality, raise standards and recognise quality service. Their main aims are: the compulsory licensing of individuals undertaking designated activities within the private security industry and to manage the voluntary Approved Contractor Scheme.
NSI - The National Security Inspectorate - Is the�approvals and certification body�that inspects�companies providing home/business security and fire safety services.
BSI - British Standards Institution - There main aims are: development of private, national and international standards, assessment and certification of management systems and medical devices, testing and certification of products and services, provision of governance, risk and compliance solutions and training services.
BSIA - British Security Industry Association - To support members and encourage excellence, educate the marketplace on the value of quality and professional security and create an atmosphere in which our members can flourish.
IPSA - International Professional Security Association - To promote and encourage the professional practice of industrial and commercial security, to collate, coordinate, and distribute information, ideas, methods and techniques for the benefit and improvement of the security profession and its members.
1.4 Identify aspects of human rights legislation that are relevant to the private security industry
The right to life
Freedom from torture and degrading treatment
Freedom from slavery and forced labour
The right to liberty
The right to a fair trial
The right not...