In conclusion, the impacts of clustering in the Ecuadorian SMEs will benefit them since as in other Latin American countries, clusters provide SMEs with the capability to enhance their efficiency and efficacy allowing them to achieve a higher productivity. Because of that, companies become more profitable, that at the end of the day is what private companies are pursuing. In addition, when companies are productive, the overall national productivity and the income to the country increases improving people capability to improve their living standards.
Through clustering, SMEs are able to overcome the main problems they face. SMEs will be able to be part of a network whose one of its objectives will be achieving radical and incremental innovation, firms will benefit from the imagination, knowledge, expertise and resources from a whole network of actors and not only from theirs. The development of associations supports SMEs to overcome their difficulties, letting them to reach economies of scale, and market access. Furthermore, clusters foster the generation of new businesses, entrepreneurs are more confident to start new businesses related to clusters in order to benefit from the existing competitive advantages. Companies that born near clusters are most likely to survive that the others created outside them. These new companies will fill the blanks that other companies have.
Moreover, it is possible to reproduce the yields in other Latin American countries in Ecuador, the existing potential clusters are able to achieve all the benefits of the conglomeration and foster the country development. Nevertheless, it requires all the actors to work in a systemic way, approaching the Micro, Meso, Macro and Meta levels of competitiveness:
Micro level.- Companies need to avoid increasing their competitiveness through comparative advantages and focus on developing competitive advantages, thus, SMEs and large companies will be confident to share their information in order to collaborate with each other. Furthermore, the Ecuadorian industry, without exemption relies too much in the technology transfer of the existing technology from the developed world. Companies must increase their investment...