This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Coal And Iron And The Unification Of Germany In 1871

1803 words - 7 pages

Coal and Iron and the Unification of Germany in 1871

In 1862, Bismarck said that ‘the great questions of the day will be
settled by blood and iron.’ Although there is undoubtedly some degree
of accuracy in this statement, the most important reason for the
unification of Germany, which ended ‘the great questions of the day,’
was ‘coal and iron.’ This is a quote from British economist John
Maynard Keynes, who argued that the industrial and economic
preparation before the wars, which united Germany, were more
important. This is because the economic strength created by the rapid
industrialisation enabled the creation of a powerful Prussia. It was
under this powerful Prussia, with some skilful diplomacy and
opportunism, that Germany was successfully united in the wars of
German Unification. Without such economic development and prosperity,
it is questionable whether Germany would have been united by 1871.

The main reason for the unification of Germany by 1871 was ‘coal and
iron.’ This includes important factors such as the presence of raw
materials in Prussia, the development of the railways and the
Zollverein in Germany, and the industrialisation, which took place in
Prussia, particularly in the 1850s. This economic strength, stems back
to the Congress of Vienna, where Prussia was given mineral rich land.
It gave Prussia the coal and iron producing areas of the Rhineland,
and the mineral rich Ruhr and Saar. The availability of such natural
resources created an economic take off in Prussia in the 1850s. As a
result, Germany became Europe’s largest producer of key industrial
commodities, such as coal and iron. New mines and iron works were also
opened in Prussian territory, such as the Ruhr Valley. Looking at
statistics we can see that in 1846, Germany produced only 3.2m tons of
coal, whereas in 1871, nearly 30m tons of coal were produced. The
significance of this is that the economic expansion enabled the
creation of a strong, powerful Prussia. It was under this Prussia that
unification took place, and without such strength, it may never have

Furthermore, the creation of a comprehensive railway system was also
significant in the unification of Germany. It further underpinned the
economic and military strength of Prussia, and this strength was
essential in Prussia success in the wars of German unification. In
1835, there was only 6km of railway track. However, by 1846 there was
more than 2000 km of track. The hub of these railways was in Berlin,
in Prussia. This meant that Prussia reaped the benefits of them. The
building of the railways stimulated work and the growth of towns. The
railways were also good because they allowed goods, particularly heavy
materials, produced in heavy industries since the economic take off,
to be transported. In the event of any conflict,...

Find Another Essay On Coal and Iron and the Unification of Germany in 1871

The unification of Germany was achieved through a policy of "Blood and Iron". How did Bismarck go about unifying the German states?

1081 words - 4 pages to German unification. Since the political approach had failed, Bismarck adopted a policy of "blood and Iron" for his plans of unifying Germany. Bismarck was a cunning politician who always made the other side seem the aggressor and in this way always appeared the victim. By manipulating political situations, Bismarck succeeded in going to war, and defeating, all the counties that stood the way of a united Germany under Prussian rule.Bismarck's

Analyzing the unification of Italy and Germany

1932 words - 8 pages . The Congress of Vienna played a huge role in the unification of Italy and Germany because it divided territories promoting the idea of nationalism.The rise and subsequent fall of Napoleon, was a major factor in the need for the Congress of Vienna. "When Napoleon abdicated his thrown and accepted his enemies' offer of exile to the Mediterranean island of Elba, thus bringing to an end to more than twenty years of nearly constant warfare between

The Unification of Germany

1365 words - 5 pages The Unification of Germany           In 1871 the thirty-eight states of what was once the Holy Roman Empire, re-united to become what was known in the early twentieth century as simply, The German Empire, united under the rule of the German Emperor, or Kaiser. There are many factors which led to the unification of the German states; liberalism, nationalism, Otto Von Bismarck, fear of ‘another Napoleon’, the Prussian King William I, and

the unification of germany

1437 words - 6 pages provisions of the Vienna settlement were that Italy had to abandon the reforms and changes that the French had introduced during their occupation of Italy between the years 1796-1815. The French during their rule, reformed the state system by creating a four state system, they changed the political system by reducing the power and privileges of the landed aristocracy and the church and by allowing the middle classes a role in politics by introducing

5(b): How far were the roles of Bismarck and Cavour decisive in the unification of Germany and Italy?

2071 words - 8 pages himself from them and lost his penetratinginsight into the affairs of the state. There is no doubt that Stalin also began to develop hisown cult, helped on by the defeat of Germany in the war and developed via propaganda.This violating the party's system of democratic centralism and the principle of combiningcollective leadership with individual responsibility. It can be argued that he made mistakes:for example, broadening the scope of the suppression

Compare and Contrast the Unification of Germany, Italy, and the United States

2967 words - 12 pages precious for industrialization (the Ruhr district, the Rhineland, and parts of Saxony - all with rich coal deposits). Prussia now started to dominate many of the smaller German states economically, and the smaller states -- often hesitantly -- adapted their economies to Prussia. Decisive for this inconspicuous economic unification of Germany was the foundation of a customs union (Zollverein) already in 1834, which excluded Austria and Bohemia. Railroad

Coal Energy in Germany

922 words - 4 pages Germany is the leader in Europe in the coal industry with significant amounts of coal operations, especially lignite. Germany has approximately 73,000 million short tons of coal reserves with more than 47,000 and 25,000 million tons of lignite and hard coal reserves respectively (Miller 25). Germany is the major lignite producer in the whole of Europe with major lignite reserves found at Lusatian, Rhineland, central German basins, which are all

Coal Energy in Germany

1014 words - 5 pages , 12% from the U.S. and 4.5% from South Africa. The second largest energy producer is E.ON that also largely uses coal to generate power. The company in 2012 imported 39% of all its hard coal resources from Columbia, 28% from U.S., 22% from Russian, and 5% from South Africa. The third largest energy producer in Germany is STEAG, which is owned and managed by seven municipalities in the Northrhine-Westphalia region. The company almost exclusively

Unification of Germany

1186 words - 5 pages Congress of Vienna. Through the machinations of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck and his determination to unite the German lands through “blood and iron”, Germany quickly rose to become the epicenter of European politics and forever changed the geopolitical landscape of Europe. In examining the unification of Germany and its implications for the international system, this paper will explore the prehistory of the unification, significant diplomatic

Coal Energy in Germany

928 words - 4 pages mines, reduction in emissions was achieved by economic restructuring , energy supply switch from the use of lignite to natural gas, state-of-the art flue gas control in major combustion facilities, and upgrading of polluting installations (OECD(b) 41). Moreover, Germany has developed clean coal technologies like the coal gasification (IGCC) method, the supercritical and ultra-supercritical pulverized combustion methods (SC and USC), and the

Unification of Germany

2761 words - 11 pages ¾†çš„ of Germany. It was the political and financial centre, and all the major railways were centred以這裡為中心 here. A sense of belonging歸屬感took place among all the Germans, perhaps except Austria. So economic unity paved the way for political unity. Keynes凱æ©æ–¯ says that the success of German unification in 1871 was built upon "coal and iron", rather than Bismarck's "blood and iron". 3. Unlike Cavour

Similar Essays

The Unification Of Germany Between 1863 And 1871

1155 words - 5 pages important factor of these. He was a successful diplomat with strong anti liberal views. Even though parliament refused to approve taxes for enlarging the Prussian army, Bismark simply carried on collecting them, showing his willingness to go to extreme measures to achieve his aims. Between 1864 and 1871 Bismark engaged in three wars which brought about the unification of Germany. Firstly, the Danish war of 1864. This

Motivation Behind The Unification Of Germany In 1871

1120 words - 4 pages As with the motivations behind the unification of most modern nations, the unification of Germany in 1871 can be attributed to many varied causes, of which the following three must be said to be among the most important. The populist forces of nationalism and liberalism, the military conquests of Prussia and its territories and lastly the economic, commercial and industrial benefits that it brought to the entire country. The ideas of

Blood And Iron The Main Factors In The Unification Of Germany

2033 words - 8 pages Blood and Iron - The Main Factors in the Unification of Germany The unification of Germany was not just a matter of the signing a document stating that the many states had become one country. There were problems such as varying languages, currencies, and ethnic minorities to name a few. In the end however one country, Germany was the states as one but how was it unified? 'Coal and iron' refers to economic ties

Bismarck's Unification Of Germany, 1862 1871 Essay

1126 words - 5 pages achieved by BLOOD AND IRON. He expanded the military budget, knowing that the recently invented NEEDLE GUN would give Prussia's army an advantage in the field - it could be reloaded 3 times as fast as the hitherto used guns. Bismarck was regarded an outsider.In 1871, unification being accomplished, sceptical criticism and mockery gave way to admiration. Bismarck had turned the dream of many into reality and, by defeating the French, turned lack of